environment

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Introduction

Published May 24, 2012 by Canan Demirci

Some 150 years ago, the British naturalist Charles Darwin proposed a theory based on various observations made during his travels, but which could not be supported by any subsequent scientific findings. In essence, his theory of evolution consisted of various scenarios, assumptions and conjectures that Darwin dreamed up in his own imagination.

Charles Darwin

According to his evolution scenario, inanimate substances came together by chance to give rise to the first living cell. No doubt this claim was highly inaccurate, and one that could not be corroborated by any scientific evidence or findings. Again according to that myth, this single-celled life form gradually—and again by chance—turned into the first living species of microbe—in other words, it evolved. According to the evolution error, all the life forms on Earth, from bacteria on up to human beings, emerged as the result of this same imaginary process.

microscope, single-lensed microscope

The single-lensed microscope that Darwin used reveals the limited and underdeveloped technological means of that era.

Darwin’s claims were of course based on no scientific evidence or findings. But since the scientific understanding and technological means available at the time were at a fairly primitive level, the full extent of the ridiculous and unrealistic nature of his assertions did not emerge fully into the light of day. In such a climate, Darwin’s scenarios received general acceptance from a wide number of circles.

The foundation of Darwin’s theory of evolution was materialism. Therefore, it didn’t take long for his theory to be adopted by materialists. Since materialist circles denied the fact of creation, they blindly grasped at the theory of evolution, and even declared that it was supposedly the scientific basis of their own world views.

fossil, insect, evolution

One of the major findings that invalidates the theory of evolution is the fossil records, which reveal that the structures of living species remained unchanged for tens of millions of years. Pictured is an insect living in our day and its 50-million-year-old fossil. This species, which remains the same after 50 million years, refutes evolution.

By carrying out a great deal of research and investigation, and by establishing artificial environments in laboratories, they sought to come up with findings that would corroborate Darwin’s theory. However, every piece of research and every new finding they obtained, only constituted evidence that refuted evolution rather than confirming it. Science and technology had made rapid progress since the beginning of the 20th century, and refuted the theory of evolution. All the branches of science concerned with the subject–such as microbiology, biomathematics, cell biology, biochemistry, genetics, anatomy, physiology, anthropology and paleontology- -revealed countless proofs that totally undermined the theory of evolution.

The fossil record is perhaps the most important evidence that demolishes the theory of evolution’s claims. Fossils reveal that life forms on Earth have never undergone even the slightest change and have never developed into one another. Examining the fossil record, we see that living things are exactly the same today as they were hundreds of millions of years ago—in other words, that they never underwent evolution. Even during the most ancient periods, life forms emerged suddenly with all their complex structures–with the perfect and superior features, just as do their counterparts today.

This demonstrates one indisputable fact: Living things did not come into being through the imaginary processes of evolution. All the living things that have ever existed on Earth were created by God. This fact of creation is once again revealed in the traces left behind them by flawless living things.

<> This book will provide you with not only such information as what fossils are and where and how they are found, but also a closer examination of a variety of fossil specimens, millions of years old, that are still able to declare, “We never underwent evolution; we were created.” The fossils discussed and illustrated in this book are just a few examples of the hundreds of millions of specimens that prove the fact of creation. And even these few are enough to prove that the theory of evolution is a major hoax and deception in the history of science.

Ferns, evolution theory, fossil salamander, fossil

Ferns have kept their same structure since the day they were created. Ferns that have remained the same for approximately 300 million years are one piece of evidence verifying the invalidity of the evolution theory.

A 125-millionyear-old salamander fossil and its today’s counterpart.

What is a Fossil?

Published May 24, 2012 by Canan Demirci

In the broadest definition, a fossil is the remains of a living thing that lived long ago and that has survived down to the present day by being preserved under natural conditions. The fossils that come down to us are parts of an organism, or remains left behind when the living thing concerned was still alive (the latter are known as trace fossils.) They are formed when dead animals or plants are preserved before they completely decay and eventually become part of the earth’s sedimentary rock. In order for fossilization to take place, the animal or plant concerned must be buried in a fairly rapid manner—generally by being covered in a layer of silt. This is generally followed by a chemical process, during which preservation is ensured by means of mineral changes that take place in the original tissues.

birch fossil, Paleocene, Montana

This birch fossil from the Paleocene period (65.5 to 55 million years ago) found in Montana is three-dimensional. (left)

A 50-MILLION-YEAROLD FROG FOSSIL
There exists no difference between this frog, alive 50 million years ago, and those of today. (right)

Fossils are the most important evidence of the details of prehistoric life. From various regions of the world, hundreds of millions of fossils have been obtained, and they provide a window into the history and structure of life on Earth. Millions of fossils indicate that species appeared suddenly, fully-formed and with their complex structures, and have undergone no changes in the millions of years since. This is significant proof that life was brought into existence out of nothing—in other words that it was created. Not a single fossil suggests that living things formed gradually, in other words that they evolved. The fossil specimens that evolutionists maintain as “intermediate fossils” are few in number, and the invalidity of these has been scientifically proven. At the same time, some of the specimens depicted as intermediate fossils have actually been revealed as fakes, demonstrating that Darwinists are in such a state of despair as to resort to fraud.

crab, fossil

A crab fossil that lived between 38 and 23 million years ago.

For the last 150 years or so, fossils from excavations carried out all over the world prove that fish have always been fish, insects have always been insects, birds have always been birds and reptiles have always been reptiles. Not one single fossil has pointed to any transition between living species—in other words, from fish to amphibian or from reptile to bird. In short, the fossil record has definitively demolished the theory of evolution’s basic claim, that species descended from one another by undergoing changes over long periods of time.

In addition to the information that fossils provide concerning life forms, they also supply significant data regarding the history of the planet, such as how the movements of continental plates have altered the surface of the Earth and what kind of climatic changes took place in past eras.

starfish, evolution, Shrimp, Fossils

A 490- to 443-million-year-old starfish reveals that starfish have remained the same for hundreds of millions of years and have not evolved. (right)
Shrimp that lived 250 million and 70 million years ago are the same as those that live in our day. Shrimp that have remained unchanged for millions of years show that evolution has never occurred. (left)

Fossils have attracted the interest of researchers ever since the days of ancient Greece, although their study as a distinct branch of science began only in the middle of the 17th century. This followed the works of the researcher Robert Hooke (author of Micrographia, 1665, and Discourse of Earthquakes, 1668) and Niels Stensen (better known as Nicolai Steno). At the time when Hooke and Steno carried out their investigations, most thinkers did not believe that fossils were actually the remains of living things that had existed in the past. At the heart of the debate over whether fossils were the actual remains of living things lay the inability to explain where fossils were discovered, in terms of geological data. Fossils were frequently found in mountainous regions, although at the time, it was impossible to account for how a fish, for example, could have been fossilized in a stratum of rock so high above sea level. Just as Leonardo da Vinci had previously suggested, Steno maintained that sea levels must have declined over the course of history. Hooke, on the other hand, said that mountains have been formed as the result of warming inside the Earth and earthquakes in the oceanic plates.

Fossils, amber, winged ant
A WINGED ANT THAT LIVED 20 TO 15 MILLION YEARS AGO.
Fossils trapped in amber by the hardening of resin also refute the theory of evolution.
trilobite fossilPictured are a trilobite that lived in the Ordovician period (490 to 443 million years ago) and a gastropod from the Silurian period (443 to 417 million years ago). From these fossils, we can guess that the rocks in question are around 448 to 442 million years old.

Following the accounts of Hooke and Steno, who explained that fossils were actually the remains of living things that had once lived in the past, geology developed during the 18th and 19th centuries, and systematic fossil collecting and research began turning into a branch of science. The principles that Steno had laid out were followed in the classification and interpretation of fossils. From the 18th century on, the development of mining and increased railway construction permitted greater, more detailed investigation of what lay below the ground surface.

Modern geology revealed that the Earth’s crust consisted of enormous sections known as “plates,” which moved across the surface of the globe, carrying the continents and forming the oceans. The greater the movement of the plates, the more changes in the Earth’s geography. Mountain ranges were the result of the collisions between very large plates. Changes and upthrusts in the Earth’s geography that took place over very long periods of time also showed that strata that today form portions of mountains were once under water.

In this way, fossils seen in rock strata emerged as one major means of obtaining information about the different periods of the Earth’s history. Geological information showed that the remains of living things preserved after death in sediments—fossils, in other words—rose up in rock strata laid down over enormously long periods of time. Some of the rocks in which fossils were found dated back hundreds of millions of years.

fossil layers
1 – Generally following the death of a living organism, first the soft tissues become deformed and decay. Then later, hard parts such as bones and teeth are preserved. Burial should occur fairly rapidly to prevent deformation of the bones.
2 – After long periods of time, bones become buried under the lower layers of sediment and there, the remains of the living being become fossilized.
3 – As the land above is slowly eroded away, the rock layer in which the fossil formed starts to proceed towards the surface.
4 – The fossil approaching the surface either appears by itself or is found by paleontologists during their investigation.

A fossil researcher working at the Ediacara Formation in Australia.

Himalayas, tectonic plates, Euroasia, ocean, floor
historical, formation, Himalayas

Geological researches show that layers of the Earth move and mountains were formed as a result of the movements and collisions of large tectonic plates. In the drawing above, the historical formation of Himalayas is depicted. When the region of India started to move toward Euroasia approximately 145 million years ago, the ocean floor slipped under Euroasia.
Merging of India with Euroasia caused layers of ocean floor to be jammed between the two continents and in turn, become pushed upwards, resulting in the raising of today’s Himalayas.

A) India, B) Euroasia, C) India, D) Euroasia, E) Sliding of oceans underneath lands, F) India, G) Sea layers, H) Himalayas, I) Pushing of layers upward caused by jamming

satellite, Earth, image trilobite, Ordovician

(left) A satellite image of the Earth..

Fossils used to determine the formation dates of rocks are called index fossils. The majority of these species are ones that lived in only a particular period, that were widespread and easily recognizable

fossil, evolution

Fossil findings reveal that the imaginary beings in these drawings have never existed. Living beings appeared suddenly in fossil record, with all their features intact, and throughout their lives these species have undergone no changes whatsoever.

Darwinists claim that by undergoing minor changes, living beings evolve from one species to another over millions of years. According to this claim which is refuted by scientific findings, fish transformed into amphibians, and reptiles transformed into birds. This so-called transformation process, asserted to last for millions of years, should have left countless evidence in the fossil record. In other words, during their intense researches for the last hundred years, researchers should have uncovered many grotesque living beings such as half-fish half-lizard, half-spider half fly or half-lizard half-bird. However, although almost every stratum on Earth has been dug, not even a single fossil has been found that Darwinists can use as an evidence for their so-called transition. On the other hand, there are innumerable fossils showing that spiders were always spiders, flies were always flies, fish were always fish, crocodiles were always crocodiles, rabbits were always rabbits and birds were always birds. Hundreds of millions of fossils clearly show that living beings have not undergone evolution, but were created. Hundreds of millions of fossils prove that living beings did not evolve, but were created.

During these studies, it was observed that specific fossil species were found only in specific strata and certain types of rock. Consecutive rock strata were observed to contain their own fossil groups, which could be regarded as that particular layer’s “signature.” These “signature fossils” could vary, according to time, period, and area. For example, two different environmental conditions and kinds of sediments—an ancient lake bed and a coral reef, for example—might be encountered in the same fossil-bearing stratum belonging to the same geologic period. Alternatively, one might encounter the same fossil “signature” in two different rock beds many kilometers apart from one another. Through the information imparted by these remains, scientists determined the geological time frame that we still use today.

The Formation of Fossils

wasp, amber, Fossils

A wasp of 54 to 28 million years old, petrified in amber.

Following the death of a living thing, a fossil comes into being through the preservation of hard body components an animal leaves behind, such as bones, teeth, shell or nails. Fossils are generally thought of as parts of a plant or animal in a petrified state. However, fossils do not come into being only through petrifaction. Some have survived down to the present day without any impairment or decay of their structures, such as mammoths frozen inside ice or insects and small species of reptiles and invertebrates preserved in amber.

When a living thing dies, the soft tissues comprising its muscles and organs soon begin to decay under the effects of bacteria and environmental conditions. (In very rare occasions, such as in sub-zero cold or dry heat of deserts, decay does not take place.) The more resistant parts of the organism, usually mineral-containing parts such as the bones or teeth, can survive for longer periods of time, allowing them to undergo various physical and chemical processes. And these processes allow fossilization to take place. Therefore, most of those parts that become fossils are vertebrates’ bones and teeth, shells of brachiopods and molluscs, the external skeletons of certain crustacean and trilobites, the general outlines of coral-like organisms and sponges, and the woody parts of plants.

midge, amber

A 20- to 15-million-year-old midge preserved in amber.

The most common, widespread process of fossilization is known aspermineralization or mineralization. During this process the organism is replaced by minerals in the liquid in the soil in which the body is immersed. During the process of mineralization, the following stages take place:

First, it is essential that by being covered in soil, mud or sand, the body of the dead organism should immediately be protected from contact with the air. Over the following months, new layers of sediments are laid down over the buried remains. These layers act as a thickening shield, protecting the animal’s body from external agents and physical wear. Many more layers form, one atop the previous ones; and within a few hundred years the animal’s remains lie several meters beneath the surface of the land or sea or lake bottom. As more time passes, structures such as the animal’s bones, shell, scales or cartilage slowly begin their chemical breakdown. Underground waters begin to infiltrate these structures, and the dissolved minerals contained in these watersminerals such as calcite, pyrite, silica and iron, which are far more resistant to erosion and chemical breakdowngradually replace the chemicals in the tissues. Thus over the course of millions of years, these minerals give rise to an exact stone copy by replacing the tissues in the organism’s body. Finally, the fossil comes to possess the exact shape and external form as the original organism, although now converted into stone.

dragonfly, evolution, fossil

This dragonfly trapped in mud may one day become fossilized and will reach the future generations as evidence that evolution has never happened.

Various situations may be encountered during mineralization:

1. If the skeleton is completely filled with liquid solution and breakdown takes place at a later stage, then the internal structure gets fossilized.

2. If the skeleton is totally replaced by a different mineral from the original, a complete copy of the shell emerges.

3. If an exact template or “mould” of the skeleton forms due to pressure, then the remains of the skeleton’s external surface may remain.

In plant fossils, on the other hand, it is carbonization caused by bacteria that applies. During the carbonization process, oxygen and nitrogen are replaced by carbon and hydrogen. Carbonization takes place by breaking down the tissue molecules by bacteria through changes in pressure and temperature or various chemical processes, causing chemical changes in the structure of the protein and cellulose in such a way that only carbon fibers remain. Other such organic materials as carbon dioxide, methane, hydrogen sulphate and water vapour disappear. This process gave rise to the natural coal beds that formed from the swamps that existed during the Carboniferous Period, 354 to 290 million years ago.

Fossils sometimes form when organisms are submerged in waters rich in calcium and get coated by minerals such as travertine. As the organism decays, it leaves behind traces of itself in the mineral bed.

microscopic plankton, Plants, Fossil, Amber

1. Reef: Calcareous sea animals that form the reef.
2. Radiolarian: a type of microscopic plankton with skeletons of silica.
3. Two-shelled mollusk, shelled with calcium carbonate. In fossils, such hard organs may be preserved unchanged.
4. Graptolite: Fossils with organic skeletons that generally left traces on black shale. These creatures lived in groups.
5. Shark teeth: Bones and teeth consist largely of phosphorus, for which reason they are more resistant, compared with many soft-tissue organs.
6. Trace fossils: Fossils that are formed by traces seen on sediments.
7. Ammonite: A specimen whose shell had been replaced by iron pyrites and fossilized.
8. A petrified tree: In time, the tree’s wooden cells are replaced by silica and fossilized.
9. Amber: Small organisms are preserved in resin.
10. Carbonized leaves: Plants transformed into carbon fibers.

fossil, fish
This fossil fish, 50 million years old, is evidence that fish have always remained as fish.
Jurassic period, starfish, fossil

At times, fragile organisms may also get fossilized under extraordinary conditions.
Pictured is a starfish from the Jurassic period (206 to 144 million years ago). There is no difference whatsoever between this fossil and the starfish of our day.

fossil, Triassic Period, fish

The skin and scales of this fish from the Triassic Period (250 to 203 million years ago) are fossilized with all their details intact. This sample reveals that fish had the same scale structure 250 million years ago.

An organism’s surroundings and environmental conditions also play a major role in fossil formation. One can predict whether or not fossilization will take place on the basis of an organism’s surroundings. For example, in terms of fossil formation, underwater environments are more advantageous than dry land ones.

Tethys Ocean, floor, evolution, sponge reef

THE GREATEST SPONGE REEF ON EARTH
This sponge reef of 145 million years old is a trace of the Tethys Ocean floor. The sponges of our day are no different from those that make up the hill. These sponges make it clear that they have not undergone any evolution.

The complete fossilization of a living thing’s soft parts, even including fur, feathers or skin, is encountered only rarely. Remains of some soft-tissued life forms of the Precambrian Period (dating back 4.6 billion to 543 million years ago) have been very well preserved. There are also soft-tissue remains that permit internal structures from the Cambrian Period (543 to 490 million years ago), to be examined in addition to hard-tissue remains of living things right down to the present day. Fossil remains of animal fur and hairs preserved in amber, and fossil remains dating back 150 million years are other examples that permit detailed investigation. Mammoths compacted in Siberian ice packs or insects and reptiles trapped in amber in Baltic forests have also become fossilized together with their soft-tissue structures.

Fossils can vary considerably in terms of size, according to the type of organism preserved. Very different fossils have been obtained from the fossilized microorganisms to giant fossils from animals that lived together as groups or herds, in a communal lifestyle. One of the most striking examples of such giant fossils is the sponge reef in Italy. Resembling a giant hill, this reef is composed of 145-million-year-old limestone sponges that developed at the bottom of the ancient Sea of Tethys, and later rose up as the result of the movement of tectonic plates. It contains specimens of the life forms living in sponge reefs during the Triassic Period. The Burgess Shale in Canada and Chengjiang in China are among the largest fossil beds containing thousands of fossils from the Cambrian Period. The amber beds in the Dominican Republic and along the western shores of the Baltic Sea are other major sources of fossil insects. The Green River fossil beds in the U.S. state of Wyoming, the White River fossil beds in Central America, the Eichstatt beds in Germany and the Hajoula fossil beds in Lebanon are other examples that can be cited.

Under How Many Distinct Groups Are Fossils Studied?

Just as with the living species, fossils too are studied under sections referred to as “kingdoms.” In the 19th century, fossils were grouped together under two basic categories: either plants or animals. Subsequent research and discoveries made it necessary for other main fossil groups to be established, including for life forms such as fungi and bacteria. Under the fossil classification developed in 1963, fossils began to be studied in the form of five separate kingdoms:

1. Animalia – fossils from the animal kingdom, of which the oldest known specimens date back 600 million years.

2. Plantae – fossils from the plant kingdom, of which the oldest known specimens date back 500 million years.

3. Monera – fossils of bacteria with no nucleus, the oldest known specimens dating back 3.9 billion years.

4. Protoctista– fossils of single-celled organisms. The oldest known specimens date back 1.7 billion years.

5. Fungi – fossils of multi-celled organisms, of which the oldest known specimens date back 550 million years.

Geological Periods and Paleontology

The first basic information regarding the Earth’s crust began to be acquired in the late 18th and early 19th centuries, during the buildings of railways and tunnels. William Smith, a British tunnel builder, saw that there were rocks along the North Sea coast similar to those unearthed in Somerset during building work that dated back to the Jurassic period (206 to 144 million years ago). With the rock and fossil specimens he collected from one end of the country to the other, Smith produced the first geological surface map of England. In addition, based on rock specimens in his possession, he also drew underground geological maps for some regions, which made a major contribution to the advancement of modern geology and to determining the Earth’s geological time frame. Thanks to the information contained in his maps, the nature and contents (iron seams, coal, etc.) of the strata immediately beneath the surface could be known, even if the rocks themselves were covered in vegetation.

geology, Period, Carboniferous, Jurassic, Triassic

The first maps drawn by William Smith, the founder of British geology, contributed greatly to the development of modern geology.
A) Some fossil samples collected by William Smith, B) Gastropod, Ç) Two-shelled
1) Upper Carboniferous Period, 2) Lower Carboniferous Period, 3) Middle Jurassic Period, 4) Jurassic Period, 5) Triassic Period

Fossils played a vital role in the acquisition of all his information. The geological time frame from the Precambrian Period to the Quaternary period was drawn up using the data indicated by fossil beds, and is still in use today. Thanks to investigations of rock structures, the stages undergone by the Earth at different periods were identified, and the fossils inside rocks provided information about the organisms that had existed during different periods. Combining these two together produced a chronology, according to which the history of the Earth is separated into two eons, with those eons being subdivided into eras and eras into periods.

geology, Period, Carboniferous, Jurassic, Triassic

In order to make natural history more comprehensible, geologists and paleontologists divided the history of the Earth into geological periods. While determining these periods, the formation of rocks, their ages and the fossils they contain play an important role.

A) PRECAMBRIAN (4.6 billion to 543 million years ago), B) PALEOZOIC, C) CENOZOIC, D) MESOZOIC

1- Cambrian Period (543 to 490 million years ago) 2- Ordovician Period (490 to 443 million years ago), 3- Silurian Period (443 to 417 million years ago), 4- Devonian Period (417 to 354 million years ago), 5- Carboniferous Period (354 to 290 million years ago), 6- Permian period (290 to 248 million years, 7- Triassic Period (248 to 206 million years ago), 8- Jurassic Period (206 to 144 million years ago), 9- Cretaceous Period (144 to 65 million years ago),  10- Quaternary Period, 11- (65 million years ago to today)

1. The Precambrian Eon (4.6 billion to 543 million years ago)

The Precambrian is regarded as the oldest and also the longest period in the Earth’s history and is subdivided into various eons and eras. The period between 4.6 and 3.8 billion years ago is referred to as the Hadean Eon. At this time, the Earth’s crust was still forming. The Archean Eon was between 3.8 and 2.5 billion years ago, followed by the Proterozoic Eon, between 2.5 billion to 543 million years ago. In the fossil record, there are various traces of single- and multi-celled organisms from these periods.

2. The Phanerozoic Eon (543 million years to the present day)

Phanerozoic means “visible or known life.” The Phanerozoic Eon is studied under three separate eras: the Paleozoic, the Mesozoic and the Cenozoic.

The Paleozoic Era (543 to 251 million years ago)

This era, which lasted some 300 million years, is the first and longest part of the Phanerozoic Eon. Throughout the course of the Paleozoic, the climate was generally humid and temperate, though ice ages did take place from time to time.

Precambrian Period, Rocks Ediacara Hills, Precambrian

Rocks from the Precambrian Period in Greenland (4.6 billion years to 543 million years ago). (left)

The Ediacara Hills in Australia contain rocks from the Precambrian Era. The 570- to 543-million-year-old jellyfish fossils pictured are also found in Ediacara. These fossil records dating back to hundreds of millions of years deny the claim of “evolutionary process.” According to the unscientific claims of evolutionists:
1- The fossil record should present many transitional forms.
2- The transition in these records ought to be slow and
gradual, and should show a development from simple to complex.
3- After the first imaginary cell evolved, new species have to emerge.
Also, the traces of these species should be seen in fossils. However, fossil records have never verified the claims of evolutionists. Fossils have revealed some certain facts: With their specific structures, living beings have distinct and distinguishable qualities. These qualities were not gradually acquired over time, and there exists no traceable evolutionary connection among the groups of presently living organisms. This is one of the most important evidence revealing that all living things were created flawlessly by God, with all their characteristics.

The Paleozoic Era is studied under six distinct periods, the Cambrian, Ordovician, Silurian, Devonian, Carboniferous and Permian:

The Cambrian Period (543-490 million years ago)

Cambrian Period

A drawing of the creatures from the Cambrian Period.

This period is the geological age in which all the basic living groups (or phyla) still alive today, and even more that subsequently became extinct, appeared suddenly. (Phylum is the largest category after kingdom in the classification of living things. Phyla are determined on the basis of the numbers and variety of living things’ organs and tissues, their bodily symmetry and internal organization. The number of today’s phyla has been determined as 35, but around 50 existed during the Cambrian Period.)

The emergence of species was so sudden and so wide-ranging that scientists gave it the name of the “Cambrian Explosion.” The evolutionist paleontologist Stephen Jay Gould has described this phenomenon as “the most remarkable and puzzling event in the history of life”, while the evolutionist zoologist Thomas S. Ray writes that the origin of multi-cellular life is an event of comparable significance to the origin of life itself.

When one considers information about the Cambrian explosion as provided by the science of paleontology, it clearly confirms God’s creation and refutes the theory of evolution. The Precambrian age before the Cambrian was populated mainly by single-celled organisms, with just a few multi-celled life forms with few specific characteristics and lacking such complex structures as eyes and feet. Therefore, no evidence supports the imaginary evolutionary transition to Cambrian life forms, and not a single fossil that can be claimed to represent their supposed forerunner. In this barren environment, inhabited by single-celled organisms, an astonishing variety of life with exceedingly complex features suddenly came into being. Through this explosion, moreover, there emerged life forms separated from one another by very distinct structural characteristics. Fossils reveal very profound gaps in terms of both relatedness and complexity among organisms living in the Precambrian and those in the Cambrian. So striking are these gaps that evolutionists, who need to be able to prove continuity among living groups, have been at a loss to establish any familial relationships among these phyla, on even a purely theoretical level.

The Cambrian Period shows that right at the beginning, very different life forms with exceedingly complex structures emerged suddenlyand in fact, this is exactly what is taught by creation. The origin of the perfect structures possessed by living things is God’s creation. In the fossil record, these perfect structures appear in a flawless form without exhibiting any deficient, semi-completed or still-functionless stages of the kind predicated by the chance-based theory of evolution.

The Ordovician Period (490 to 443 million years ago)

Ordovician Period

A drawing of the creatures from the Ordovician Period

In this period, a large number of marine invertebrates lived. The fossil record has revealed a great wealth of families of marine creature during the Ordovician Period. There are also terrestrial plant fossils dating back to the same period. During the Ordovician Period, global climate changes caused by ice ages resulted in a number of species becoming extinct. This state of affairs is described as the “Ordovician extinctions.”

Some life forms that existed during the Ordovician Period are still around today. One is the horseshoe crab. A 450-million-year-old fossilized horseshoe crab shows that nearly half a billion years ago, these creatures had exactly the same features and complex equipment. The oldest known and most perfect fossilized water spider also belongs to the Ordovician Period (425 million years) and is another important proof that living things have remained unchanged for long ages. In a period whenaccording to the Darwinist scenarioliving things should have been undergoing evolution, these remains reveal that evolution never took place in any manner whatsoever.

Cambrian, Newfoundland, Ordovician, Period, horseshoe crab

These rocks in Newfoundland show the transition from the Cambrian to the Ordovician Period. (left)

A 450-million-year-old fossil horseshoe crab, no different from those crabs of our day. (right)

The Silurian Period (443 to 417 million years ago)

As temperatures rose again, the glaciers melted and flooded some continents. There are many fossils of land plants dating back to this period, as well as fossilized echinoderms such as the sea lily, arthropods such as sea scorpions, and various species of jawless fish and armored fish, as well as a number of species of spider.

Silurian, Period, Crinoid

Crinoid from the Silurian Period

The Devonian Period (417 to 354 million years ago)

Countless fossil fish date back to this period. During the Devonian, a kind of “mass disappearance” took place and certain species became extinct. This mass disappearance affected coral reefs, with stromatoporoids (a form of reef-forming coral) disappearing entirely.

But there is no difference between the thousands of fossil fish that lived during the Devonian Period and many species of fish living today. This, once again, is important evidence that living things have undergone no changes over the course of millions of years, and that there can be no question of their having evolved gradually.

The Carboniferous Period (354 to 290 million years ago)

Also known as the Coal Age, this period is subdivided into two separate periods, the Lower Carboniferous or Mississippian and the Upper Carboniferous orPennsylvanian. Land rising and falling, resulting from collisions between continents, and rises and falls in sea levels linked to the polar ice caps were significant events that shaped the world during this period. Many fossils of marine and terrestrial life forms date back to the Carboniferous Period. Thecoelacanth, which Darwinists for many years depicted as a supposedly intermediate form, is still alive today, proving the invalidity of this claim. It has undergone no change over the course of millions of years and has never undergone “evolution.” Contrary to Darwinists’ claims that the coelacanth was a “missing link” that corroborated evolution, it is actually an example of a “living fossil” that totally refutes evolution. The coelacanth had been the subject of countless forms of evolutionist speculation, but its emergence as a living fossil presents evolutionists with a major dilemma.

fossil, Coelacanth

Coelacanth of our day and a Coelacanth fossil, 410 million years old

spider, fossil

355- to 295-millionyear-old spider fossil

The Permian Period (290 to 248 million years ago)

At the end of the Permian Period, another mass disappearance took place that represented the final end of the Paleozoic Era. The fossil record shows that during this huge disappearance, 90%-95% of living species became extinct. Nonetheless, some Permian life forms have survived right down to the present day. Fossil specimens from the Permian such as dragonflies and spiders prove that evolution never took place at any time in the past.

The Mesozoic Era (248 to 65 million years ago)

The Mesozoic Era is divided into three separate periods: the Triassic, Jurassic and Cretaceous. It was during this era that dinosaurs lived and became extinct.

The Triassic Period (248 to 206 million years ago)

The Mesozoic Era began with the Triassic Period. A large number of Triassic fossils from all over the world show a wide variety of both marine and terrestrial life forms. As is the case with all other periods, there appears not a single intermediate fossil of the kind that evolutionists hope for.

Chilean araucaria, Petrified Forest, Triassic Period

The Petrified Forest in Arizona—of fossilized, opalized logs—is one of the most famous structures of the plants from the Triassic Period. This forest, consisting of trees now known as the Chilean araucaria is evidence that plants have not evolved. These trees, which lived 248 to 206 million years ago, are no different from ones living today.
Scientists working on fossils from the Triassic Period (middle)

The Jurassic Period (206 to 144 million years ago)

This part of the Mesozoic saw large numbers and varieties of dinosaurs. At the end of the Jurassic, some ammonites, sea sponges, oyster and mussel species had become extinct.

But many life forms have survived unchanged since the Jurassic—in other words, without undergoing any form of evolution. The fossil record is full of examples of such creatures. One of the earliest known fossil crocodiles, for instance, is around 200 million years old. There are also examples of fossilized Tuatara lizards that are more than 200 million years old. The many fossil shrimp dating back to the Jurassic Period all possessed exactly the same perfect systems and complex structures as they do today.

dragonfly fossil, tuatara

A 200-million-year-old tuatara lizard, and the same lizard alive today. (left)
A dragonfly fossil, 150 million years old. It is the same as the dragonflies of our day. (right)

shrimp, fossil
A 206- to 144-million-year-old shrimp fossil. It is no different from the shrimp living in our day.

The Cretaceous Period (146 to 65 million years ago)

fish, fossil, bat, France

A fish between 146 and 65 million years old, and a fossil bat uncovered in France.

This, final stage of the Mesozoic, is known as the age in which the dinosaurs became extinct, as did a large number of terrestrial reptiles and plant species.

On the other hand, a great many species of aquatic animals such as starfish, crabs, some species of fish, water scorpions, spiders, dragonflies, turtles and crocodiles, and various plant species managed to survive down to the present day. Fossil specimens such as a 135-million-year-old starfish, a 140-million-year horseshoe crab, and a 125-million-year ginkgo tree leaf are just a few of the proofs of this. Despite the intervening millions of years, these life forms still possess the same complex systems, totally invalidating Darwinist claims regarding natural history.

The Cenozoic Era (65 million years ago to the present day)

crocodile, fossil, Germany
This 54- to 37-million-year-old crocodile fossil was found in Germany.

The Cenozoic Era, in which we are still living, began with the end of the Cretaceous Period. Until recently, geologists and paleontologists divided the Cenozoic into two separate periods of unequal length: theTertiary and the Quaternary. The Tertiarycomprised a time frame from 65 million to 1.8 million years ago, and the Quaternary encapsulated the last 1.8 million years. Recently, however, the Cenozoic Era has been divided into three separate periods. Under this new system, its three components are the Paleogene, the Neogene and theQuaternary.

The Cenozoic Era’s fossil record contains large numbers of specimens that, just as with other ages, show that the theory of evolution—which maintains that living things descended by chance from a common ancestor—is not true.

One distinguishing feature of the fossil specimens obtained from all these geological periods is that the species in question never underwent any changes. To put it another way, whenever a species first appears in the fossil record, it preserves its same structure for tens of millions of years, until it becomes extinct or else survives until the present day—again, without experiencing any change. This is clear evidence that living things never underwent evolution.

The fossil history of species definitively and clearly refutes the theory of evolution. It is Almighty God, with His sublime power and boundless knowledge, Who creates completely different living species out of nothing and makes the world suitable for life.

Where Are Fossils Mostly Discovered?

Greenland, rocks, radioactive, minerals

The world’s oldest rocks are in Greenland, between 3.9 and 3.8 billion years old. (left)
The age of rocks are determined by the researches made on the decay of radioactive minerals. (right)

Fossils are widely dispersed just about everywhere on Earth. Almost no fossils are encountered in some types of rock, but large numbers are found in others. Geologists have divided rock types into three main groups:

1. Igneous
2. Sedimentary
3. Metamorphic

The igneous category includes granite or basalt-type rocks formed by the cooling of magma present in the depths of the Earth, or else emitted by volcanoes in the form of molten lava. Sedimentary rocks form when sand, silt, mud, and other small particles or substances carried in water are deposited on top of one another. Metamorphic rocks are igneous or sedimentary ones that have undergone structural changes due to high temperature and pressure deep in the Earth.

Few fossils are generally encountered in igneous seams. The rare examples discovered are fossils that have resulted when a plant or animal gets trapped inside molten lava. Very few fossils can survive the high temperatures and pressures that transform sedimentary strata into metamorphic rock. Almost all fossils are found in sedimentary seams or deposits.

Nearly all sedimentary rocks are formed by substances carried by wind or water or else from the erosion of still other rocks. Some forms, such as coal, are made of plant or animal remains. Clastic is the name given to sedimentary rock formed by minute particles or grains. Sandstone and schist are examples of such rocks. If there has been dissolution in the substances transported, then due either to chemical solution or vaporization, “organic” sedimentary beds form. Examples of such rocks are limestone and dolomite. In general, sedimentary rock seams are a mixture of clastic and organic seams. Fossils are usually seen in shales, schists, sandstone and limestone formed from calcium carbonate.

How Are Fossils Found and Extracted?

fossils, tools, geologistsfossils, tools, geologists

The tools used to collect fossils are simple ones such as those used by geologists: hammers, trowels, various cutting implements, compasses, brushes and sieves.

Fossils sometimes appear on the surface when eroded out of the soft rock strata around them. In such cases, it is sufficient to clean the fossils with a brush. However, fossil collecting is not usually that easy. The rocks inside which they are concealed are generally very hard, and it can take hours to extract a fossil from its rocky matrix. First, it is important to determine from what point the rock should be broken. Fracture lines are identified in the light of the rock bed itself. Every type of rock is broken in different ways. Schists, for example, have layers through which fracture lines can be established. Chalk, on the other hand, offers no such layers. At the same time, it is very important to watch for such indications as color changes or structural differences, if the fossils contained inside are not to be damaged.

After the fossil has been extracted from the rock, it undergoes a number of different processes. It must be protected and reinforced while being transported to the laboratory where it will be examined. One of the methods employed is to stabilize the fossil with chemical adhesives. Plaster casts are used for very large fossils. Those parts of the fossil that will be at risk during transportation are wrapped in dampened newspaper and then dipped in plaster.

collecting, fossils

Collecting sedimentary rocks and stones and carefully breaking open those ones predicted to consist fossils is an important stage of collecting fossils. (right)
During transportation, sometimes fossils have to be protected by plastering. In the picture is shown how a fossil bone is covered by plaster. (left and middle)

The fossil then must be cleaned in order for all its details to become visible. If the fossil is harder than the rock surrounding it, then the cleaning process is a great deal easier. However, if the fossil has a softer structure, then chemical substances need to be used. One of the most commonly used methods is to clean away the matrix with acid. This enables all the fossil’s details to be brought out. In some situations—particularly when the fossil is very delicate and possesses the same structure as the rock surrounding it—X-rays and computer-scanning devices are used to determine the fossil’s structure before it is extracted from its location.

collecting, fossils
FOSSIL CLEANING BY ACID
One method for cleaning fossils is to use acid. It is an efficient method to clean the limestone rock surrounding a fossil without harming it.
1. The rock surrounding the fossil is submerged into the proper acid until a small portion of the fossil appears.
2. The emerging section of the fossil is washed and covered with a material resistant to acid.
3. Fossil is submerged into acid once again, and these operations are repeated a few more times.
4. The protective material should be applied to the exposed portion of the fossil, so as to protect it from any harm.
5. Finally the fossil is entirely released from its surrounding rock. Fossil is thoroughly washed to clean it of both the acid and its protective material.

The Truth That Fossils Reveal about Living Things: Creation

Charles Darwin
Charles Darwin

Fossils unearthed to date possess two very important features, both of which conflict with the claims of the theory of evolution:

1. Stasis: Species exhibit no changes throughout the course of their existence on Earth. Whatever the structure they display when they first appear in the fossil record, they have that same structure when they finally disappear from it. Morphological (shape) change is generally minor and follows no specific direction.

2. Sudden Appearance: No species ever emerges gradually through differentiation from its alledged forebears; it appears suddenly and “fully formed.”

The significance of these two points is that living things were created, with no process of evolution and no intermediate stages to go through. They did not subsequently acquire the characteristics they possess, but had them since the moment of their creation.

Darwin himself knew that the fossil record refutes his theory of evolution, but Darwinists have been reluctant to ever admit it. In the chapter titled “Difficulties on Theory” in his book The Origin of Species, Darwin admitted that the fossil record could not be explained in terms of the theory of evolution:

Why, if species have descended from other species by insensibly fine gradations, do we not everywhere see innumerable transitional forms? Why is not all nature in confusion instead of the species being, as we see them, well defined? … But, as by this theory innumerable transitional forms must have existed, why do we not find them embedded in countless numbers in the crust of the earth?… Why then is not every geological formation and every stratum full of such intermediate links? Geology assuredly does not reveal any such finely graduated organic chain; and this, perhaps, is the most obvious and serious objection which can be urged against my theory.(Charles Darwin, The Origin of Species, Oxford University Press, New York, 1998, pp. 140, 141, 227)

fossil, Cambrian, Jurassic, Period

The oldest known fossil specimens of the snail pictured belong to the Jurassic Period (206 to 144 million years ago). The first samples of the class of living beings to which this species belongs have existed since the Cambrian Period (543 to 490 million years ago). Snails have remained the same for hundreds of millions of years, revealing the invalidity of evolution. (left)

A 54- to 37-millionyear-old bee fossil (right)

The argument that Darwin proposed in the face of the lack of intermediate form fossilsto the effect that “there are no intermediate forms now, but they may be found through subsequent research”today no longer applies. Present-day data show that the fossil record is extraordinarily rich. Based on hundreds of millions of fossil specimens obtained from different regions of the world, some 250,000 separate species have been described—many of which bear an extraordinary resemblance to the approximately 1.5 billion species alive today. Given the absence of any intermediate form despite such a wealthy fossil record, it is impossible any such intermediate forms will emerge from new excavations.

theory of evolution, imagination, fake drawings

All the living creatures in the fossil record appear intact and in their perfect forms. For instance, before crocodiles and squirrels, there exist no fossils belonging to any strange creature partly resembling a crocodile, and in other parts to a squirrel or other living creatures. Squirrels have always remained squirrels, and crocodiles have always remained crocodiles. All these facts reveal that the claim of the theory of evolution, that “Living beings have gradually evolved over millions of years of time” is simply a product of imagination.

The fossil record offers not a single example of an “intermediate form” that evolutionists can use as evidence, but does provide millions of specimens that demonstrate the invalidity of evolution. The most important of these are “living fossils,” of which living specimens are in existence today. They can be seen from the fossil record to have lived in differing geological periods, and are proof of creation, since no difference exists between the living things of hundreds of millions of years ago and present-day specimens. Darwinists are helpless in the face of this situation.

sincap

ginkgo tree, Triassic, Period, Jurassic

There are many species of plants whose structures have remained unchanged since the Triassic Period (248 to 206 million years ago). One of these is a ginkgo tree. The fossil pictured is from the Jurassic Period (206 to 144 million years ago).

A branch of ginkgo tree living today

The evolutionist Niles Eldredge admits that they have no explanation to offer on the subject of living fossils, which represent just one of the countless secrets evolution is unable to unravel:

… there seems to have been almost no change in any part we can compare between the living organism and its fossilized progenitors of the remote geological past. Living fossils embody the theme of evolutionary stability to an extreme degree…. We have not completely solved the riddle of living to an extreme degree… We have not completely solved the riddle of living fossils. (http://www. nwcreation.net/fossilsliving.html)

The “secret” that Niles Eldredge attempts to unravel is actually a perfectly clear fact. Living fossils prove that species did not undergo evolution, but were created. However, Darwinists seek to ignore this fact out of ideological concerns and persist in keeping alive the dogmas of 150 years ago.

But the facts can now be determined much more clearly than in Darwin’s day. The number of people who understand and choose to go along with the facts is rising, while those who believe in fairy tales and never seek to question them are ever fewer in number. Facts can no longer be concealed and swept aside, as was the case in Darwin’s time. Genetics, microbiology, paleontology, geology and all other branches of science constantly reveal a truth that Darwin and the supporters of Darwinism never wanted and perhaps never expected—the fact of creation.

tigers, parrots, gazelles, birds, animals

The irrational and unscientific claims that Darwinists make, the frauds they perpetrate to deceive the public, and the propaganda they employ to mislead people are only signs of their despair. Subsequent generations will be amazed at how people once believed in the Darwinist myth. Because all scientific findings show the manifest fact that evolution never happened, and that God created the universe and all living things.

Among His signs is the creation of the heavens and Earth and all the creatures He has spread about in them. And He has the power to gather them together whenever He wills. (Surat ash-Shura, 29)

[God is] the Lord of the heavens and the Earth and everything in between them, if you are people with certainty. There is no deity but Him—He gives life and causes to die—your Lord and the Lord of your forefathers, the previous peoples. Yet they play around in doubt.  (Surat ad-Dukhan, 7-9)

Fossil Specimens Discovered in Brazil

Published May 23, 2012 by Canan Demirci

Brazil map

Brazil’s geological structure exhibits a similarity to that of the South American plateau. More than half of the country’s rock formations formed in the Precambrian Period (4.6 billion to 543 million years ago). Brazil’s lower stratum consists of metamorphic and igneous rocks, with a stratum of sedimentary rock on top: Some sedimentary rock layers date back to the Precambrian, while others formed more recently.

A large number of Precambrian microfossil (belonging to microscopic organisms) zones have been identified from rocks in the Sao Francisco region. Two other major fossil fields in Brazil are the Santana and Crato formations.

In the Santana Formation, which lies in the Araripe Basin, the majority of the fossils date back to the Cretaceous Period (146 to 65 million years ago). One significant feature of the Santana Formation is that it contains well-preserved fossil specimens of more than 25 species of fish. The Santana Formation fossils also include various reptiles, amphibians, invertebrates and plants.

Araripe region(small picture) During researches made in the Araripe region, well-preserved fossils of more than 25 fish species were uncovered. One of the important fossil areas in the Araripe region is in Ceara.

Until recently, the Crato Formation was considered part of the Santana Formation. However, research in this area has revealed strata containing fossil insects that lived in the very earliest times. This insect fauna has led Crato to be considered a distinct formation of its own. In addition to the insect fauna, fossil spiders, scorpions, crabs and many plant species have been obtained from this fossil bed.

Limestone, Crato, Formation, Nova Olindaa) Numerous fossils found in Santana reveal that today’s living creatures have not undergone evolution.
b) The Nova Olinda quarry, where many fossils were uncovered.
c) Limestone containing fossil specimens, unearthed from the Crato Formation.

Fossils, hundreds of millions of years old, obtained from the fossil beds in Brazil once again demonstrate that there is no scientific foundation to the claim that living things evolved gradually from a common ancestor. The fossils refute the idea that living things evolved, and corroborate creation.

bush cricket, fossil
Bush CricketAge: 128 million years old
Size: With wings, 15 mm (0.5 in) overall; matrix: 110 mm (4.3 in) by 100 mm. (3.9 in)
Location: Ceara, Brazil
Formation: Santana Formation
Period: Lower Cretaceous, Upper Aptian Cenomanian

The bush cricket, which belongs to family Tettigoniidae, has more than 225 species in North America alone. But the majority of these beetles inhabit tropical regions.

Bush crickets have remained unchanged for millions of years. Its fossil, shown in the photograph, is evidence of this truth.

fossil, cockroach
CockroachAge: 108 – 92 million years old
Size: Wing span 23 mm (0.9 in) ; matrix: 128 mm (5 in) by 128 mm ( 5 in)
Location: Nova Olinda Member, Ceara, Brazil
Formation: Crato Formation
Period: Lower Cretaceous, Upper Aptian Cenomanian

Brazil’s Araripe Basin is home to a fantastic array of exquisitely-detailed Early Cretaceous fossils, some of which have been preserved in three dimensions. The pronotum (head shield) and the venation of the wings of this cockroach can be examined in detail.

This fossil, typical of the cockroaches alive 108 to 92 million years ago, is the same as ones living today, which shows that the theory of evolution is invalid.

fossil, fly
FlyAge: 125 million years old
Size: Length 1.9 centimeters (0.75 in); matrix: 90 mm (3.5 in) across and 5 mm (0.2 in) thick
Location: Araripe Basin, Brazil, South America
Formation: Nova Olinda Member, Crato Formation
Period: Lower Cretaceous

The fossil record shows that the winged insects appeared simultaneously with wingless ones, both at once. This occurrence invalidates the claim that wingless insects evolved their wings over time and eventually transformed into flying species. The fossilized fly shown in this photo is just one of the prehistoric discoveries that refute the evolutionists.

evolution, fossil, cockroach
CockroachAge: 146 to 65 million years old
Size: 8.8 centimeters (3.5 in) by 9.1 centimeters (3.6 in)
Formation: Santana Formation
Location: Serra De Araripe, Brazil
Period: Cretaceous

The 146-65 million-year-old cockroach in the picture is identical to its living examples. Cockroaches have exhibited the same structural features for millions of years, proving that evolution never actually took place.

grasshopper, fossil
GrasshopperAge: 108 – 92 million years old
Size: 30 mm (1.1 in) overall, 75 mm (2.9 in) with antennae; matrix: 110 mm (4.3 in) by 100 mm (3.9 in)
Location: Nova Olinda Member, Ceara, Brazil
Formation: Crato Formation
Period: Lower Cretaceous, Upper Aptian Cenomanian

The 108 – 92 million-year-old grasshopper in the picture is evidence that grasshoppers have always existed as grasshoppers. Remaining unchanged for millions of years, grasshoppers are showing us that they are created, not evolved.

fossil, Chrysopa
Lacewing (Chrysopa)Age: 125 million years old
Location: Brazil
Formation: Santana Formation
Period: Cretaceous

Insects, a great many species of which are encountered in the fossil record, do not, as evolutionists maintain, share any common ancestor. Each species appears in the fossil record suddenly and with its own unique characteristics, and it never changes for so long as it survives. The 125-million-year-old fossil in the picture is one of the proofs of this. It is impossible to espouse the Darwinist scenario in the face of this evidence.

scorpion, fossils
ScorpionAge: 110 million years old
Size: 26 millimeters (1 in)
Location: Araripe, Brazil
Formation: Santana Formation
Period: Cretaceous, Aptian

One of the oldest known scorpion fossils is 320 million years old. The one pictured is 110 million years old. Scorpions living 320 million years ago, 110 million years ago and today are exactly the same. Unchanged for so many millions of years, scorpions are solid evidence of creation.

Some fossils leave their traces equally in the two halves of the stone layer. This scorpion fossil 110 million years old is an example.

cockroaches, theory of evolution, fossils
CockroachAge: 108 – 92 million years old
Size: Insect: 25 millimeters ( 0.9 in); matrix: 90 millimeters (3.5 in) by 113 millimeters ( 4.4 in)
Location: Nova Olinda Member, Ceara, Brazil
Formation: Crato Formation
Period: Lower Cretaceous, Upper Aptian Cenomanian

One of the fossils of cockroaches demonstrating that the theory of evolution is imaginary, is this one pictured, 108 to 92 million years old. It is no different from living examples.

fossil, cockroaches, theory of evolution, fossils
CockroachAge: 128 million years old
Size: Including legs, 18 millimeters (0.7 in) matrix: 110 millimeters (4.3 in) by 93 millimeters (3.6 in)
Location: Ceara, Brazil
Formation: Santana Formation
Period: Lower Cretaceous

If an organism undergoes no changes for millions of years, retains its structure in spite of all kinds of environmental changes, it’s impossible to say that it has evolved. Millions of fossil examples belonging to thousands of organisms prove this impossibility.

Aquatic beetles, fossil, aquatic beetle
Aquatic BeetleAge: 108 – 92 million years old
Size: 26 millimeters; matrix: 115 millimeters (4.5 in) by 102 millimeters ( 4.5 in)
Location: Nova Olinda Member, Ceara, Brazil
Formation: Crato Formation
Period: Lower Cretaceous, Upper Aptian-Cenomanian

Aquatic beetles spend most of their lives in the water. In North America, there are 500 known species, and some 5,000 species worldwide. They can breathe under the water using an air bubble they’ve trapped on the water surface. These beetles which have exquisitely complex systems, have retained the same perfect features for millions of years. The fossil aquatic beetle pictured is evidence that these beetles today are just the same as they were 108-92 million years ago and have never undergone evolution.

grasshopper, fossil
GrasshopperAge: 108 – 92 million years old
Location: Crato Formation, Araripe Basin, Ceara, Brazil
Period: Cretaceous, Mesozoic Era

The grasshopper fossil pictured is between 108 and 92 million years old. And like all other creatures that have come down through the ages unchanged, this grasshopper demonstrates to Darwinists that the species never underwent evolution.

insect, cockroach, Fossil, evolution
CockroachAge: 125 million years old
Size: 2.5 centimeters (1 in) length; matrix: 11.5 centimeters ( 4.5 in) by 11.5 centimeters (4.5 in ) across , and 0.7 centimeters (0.2 in) thick
Location: Araripe Basin, Brazil
Formation: Nova Olinda Member, Crato Formation
Period: Lower Cretaceous

One insect that has remained the same for millions of years is the cockroach. Fossil roaches 320 million years old have been found. The impact of cockroaches on the theory of evolution has been described thus in Focus magazine:

In theory, various elements of pressure such as changing environmental conditions, hostile species and competition between species should lead to natural selection, the selection of species advantaged by mutation, and for these species to undergo greater change over such a long period of time. YET THE FACTS ARE OTHERWISE. Let us consider cockroaches, for example. These reproduce very quickly and have short life spans, yet they have remained the same for approximately 250 million years. (“Evrimin Cikmaz Sokaklari: Yasayan Fosiller” [Cul-de-sac of evolution: Living Fossils], Focus, April 2003)

 

fossil, grasshoppers
GrasshopperAge: 125 million years old
Size: 2 centimeters (0.8 in) length; matrix: 10.5 centimeters (4 in) by 7.5 centimeters (2.9 in) across and 0.5 centimeters (0.2 in) thick
Location: Araripe Basin, Brazil, South America
Formation: Nova Olinda Member, Crato Formation
Period: Lower Cretaceous

Grasshoppers, which belong to the order Orthoptera, appear with the same structure in the fossil record for millions of years. Grasshoppers mostly inhabit tropical regions, but can be seen in different regions around the globe.

All fossil grasshoppers show that the genus haven’t changed for millions of years—in other words, grasshoppers didn’t evolve. One of the proofs of this is the 125-milion-year-old fossil grasshopper pictured.

fossil, grasshoppers
GrasshopperAge: 125 million years old
Size: 3.8 centimeters (1.5 in)
Location: Araripe Basin, Brazil
Formation: Nova Olinda Member, Crato Formation
Period: Lower Cretaceous

This 125-million-year-old fossil is evidence that grasshoppers have always existed as grasshoppers. In the face of this, it is impossible for the evolutionists to make a logical explanation.

grasshoppers, fossil, long, horned
Long-Horned GrasshopperAge: 125 million years old
Size: 1.5 centimeters (0.6 in) . The antennae measure a further 1.8 centimeters (0.7 in), giving this insect a total length of 3.4 centimeters (1.3 in).
Location: Araripe Basin, Brazil
Formation: Nova Olinda Member, Crato Formation
Period: Lower Cretaceous

These grasshoppers’ most distinctive features are their long, thin antenna that are almost twice the length of their bodies. Like all other grasshoppers, long-horned grasshoppers have been the same for millions of years. This photo demonstrates there’s no difference between the grasshoppers of 125 million years ago and ones living today.

Brazil map

Brazil’s geological structure exhibits a similarity to that of the South American plateau. More than half of the country’s rock formations formed in the Precambrian Period (4.6 billion to 543 million years ago). Brazil’s lower stratum consists of metamorphic and igneous rocks, with a stratum of sedimentary rock on top: Some sedimentary rock layers date back to the Precambrian, while others formed more recently.

A large number of Precambrian microfossil (belonging to microscopic organisms) zones have been identified from rocks in the Sao Francisco region. Two other major fossil fields in Brazil are the Santana and Crato formations.

In the Santana Formation, which lies in the Araripe Basin, the majority of the fossils date back to the Cretaceous Period (146 to 65 million years ago). One significant feature of the Santana Formation is that it contains well-preserved fossil specimens of more than 25 species of fish. The Santana Formation fossils also include various reptiles, amphibians, invertebrates and plants.

Araripe region(small picture) During researches made in the Araripe region, well-preserved fossils of more than 25 fish species were uncovered. One of the important fossil areas in the Araripe region is in Ceara.

Until recently, the Crato Formation was considered part of the Santana Formation. However, research in this area has revealed strata containing fossil insects that lived in the very earliest times. This insect fauna has led Crato to be considered a distinct formation of its own. In addition to the insect fauna, fossil spiders, scorpions, crabs and many plant species have been obtained from this fossil bed.

Limestone, Crato, Formation, Nova Olindaa) Numerous fossils found in Santana reveal that today’s living creatures have not undergone evolution.
b) The Nova Olinda quarry, where many fossils were uncovered.
c) Limestone containing fossil specimens, unearthed from the Crato Formation.

Fossils, hundreds of millions of years old, obtained from the fossil beds in Brazil once again demonstrate that there is no scientific foundation to the claim that living things evolved gradually from a common ancestor. The fossils refute the idea that living things evolved, and corroborate creation.

bush cricket, fossil
Bush CricketAge: 128 million years old
Size: With wings, 15 mm (0.5 in) overall; matrix: 110 mm (4.3 in) by 100 mm. (3.9 in)
Location: Ceara, Brazil
Formation: Santana Formation
Period: Lower Cretaceous, Upper Aptian Cenomanian

The bush cricket, which belongs to family Tettigoniidae, has more than 225 species in North America alone. But the majority of these beetles inhabit tropical regions.

Bush crickets have remained unchanged for millions of years. Its fossil, shown in the photograph, is evidence of this truth.

fossil, cockroach
CockroachAge: 108 – 92 million years old
Size: Wing span 23 mm (0.9 in) ; matrix: 128 mm (5 in) by 128 mm ( 5 in)
Location: Nova Olinda Member, Ceara, Brazil
Formation: Crato Formation
Period: Lower Cretaceous, Upper Aptian Cenomanian

Brazil’s Araripe Basin is home to a fantastic array of exquisitely-detailed Early Cretaceous fossils, some of which have been preserved in three dimensions. The pronotum (head shield) and the venation of the wings of this cockroach can be examined in detail.

This fossil, typical of the cockroaches alive 108 to 92 million years ago, is the same as ones living today, which shows that the theory of evolution is invalid.

fossil, fly
FlyAge: 125 million years old
Size: Length 1.9 centimeters (0.75 in); matrix: 90 mm (3.5 in) across and 5 mm (0.2 in) thick
Location: Araripe Basin, Brazil, South America
Formation: Nova Olinda Member, Crato Formation
Period: Lower Cretaceous

The fossil record shows that the winged insects appeared simultaneously with wingless ones, both at once. This occurrence invalidates the claim that wingless insects evolved their wings over time and eventually transformed into flying species. The fossilized fly shown in this photo is just one of the prehistoric discoveries that refute the evolutionists.

evolution, fossil, cockroach
CockroachAge: 146 to 65 million years old
Size: 8.8 centimeters (3.5 in) by 9.1 centimeters (3.6 in)
Formation: Santana Formation
Location: Serra De Araripe, Brazil
Period: Cretaceous

The 146-65 million-year-old cockroach in the picture is identical to its living examples. Cockroaches have exhibited the same structural features for millions of years, proving that evolution never actually took place.

grasshopper, fossil
GrasshopperAge: 108 – 92 million years old
Size: 30 mm (1.1 in) overall, 75 mm (2.9 in) with antennae; matrix: 110 mm (4.3 in) by 100 mm (3.9 in)
Location: Nova Olinda Member, Ceara, Brazil
Formation: Crato Formation
Period: Lower Cretaceous, Upper Aptian Cenomanian

The 108 – 92 million-year-old grasshopper in the picture is evidence that grasshoppers have always existed as grasshoppers. Remaining unchanged for millions of years, grasshoppers are showing us that they are created, not evolved.

fossil, Chrysopa
Lacewing (Chrysopa)Age: 125 million years old
Location: Brazil
Formation: Santana Formation
Period: Cretaceous

Insects, a great many species of which are encountered in the fossil record, do not, as evolutionists maintain, share any common ancestor. Each species appears in the fossil record suddenly and with its own unique characteristics, and it never changes for so long as it survives. The 125-million-year-old fossil in the picture is one of the proofs of this. It is impossible to espouse the Darwinist scenario in the face of this evidence.

scorpion, fossils
ScorpionAge: 110 million years old
Size: 26 millimeters (1 in)
Location: Araripe, Brazil
Formation: Santana Formation
Period: Cretaceous, Aptian

One of the oldest known scorpion fossils is 320 million years old. The one pictured is 110 million years old. Scorpions living 320 million years ago, 110 million years ago and today are exactly the same. Unchanged for so many millions of years, scorpions are solid evidence of creation.

Some fossils leave their traces equally in the two halves of the stone layer. This scorpion fossil 110 million years old is an example.

cockroaches, theory of evolution, fossils
CockroachAge: 108 – 92 million years old
Size: Insect: 25 millimeters ( 0.9 in); matrix: 90 millimeters (3.5 in) by 113 millimeters ( 4.4 in)
Location: Nova Olinda Member, Ceara, Brazil
Formation: Crato Formation
Period: Lower Cretaceous, Upper Aptian Cenomanian

One of the fossils of cockroaches demonstrating that the theory of evolution is imaginary, is this one pictured, 108 to 92 million years old. It is no different from living examples.

fossil, cockroaches, theory of evolution, fossils
CockroachAge: 128 million years old
Size: Including legs, 18 millimeters (0.7 in) matrix: 110 millimeters (4.3 in) by 93 millimeters (3.6 in)
Location: Ceara, Brazil
Formation: Santana Formation
Period: Lower Cretaceous

If an organism undergoes no changes for millions of years, retains its structure in spite of all kinds of environmental changes, it’s impossible to say that it has evolved. Millions of fossil examples belonging to thousands of organisms prove this impossibility.

Aquatic beetles, fossil, aquatic beetle
Aquatic BeetleAge: 108 – 92 million years old
Size: 26 millimeters; matrix: 115 millimeters (4.5 in) by 102 millimeters ( 4.5 in)
Location: Nova Olinda Member, Ceara, Brazil
Formation: Crato Formation
Period: Lower Cretaceous, Upper Aptian-Cenomanian

Aquatic beetles spend most of their lives in the water. In North America, there are 500 known species, and some 5,000 species worldwide. They can breathe under the water using an air bubble they’ve trapped on the water surface. These beetles which have exquisitely complex systems, have retained the same perfect features for millions of years. The fossil aquatic beetle pictured is evidence that these beetles today are just the same as they were 108-92 million years ago and have never undergone evolution.

grasshopper, fossil
GrasshopperAge: 108 – 92 million years old
Location: Crato Formation, Araripe Basin, Ceara, Brazil
Period: Cretaceous, Mesozoic Era

The grasshopper fossil pictured is between 108 and 92 million years old. And like all other creatures that have come down through the ages unchanged, this grasshopper demonstrates to Darwinists that the species never underwent evolution.

insect, cockroach, Fossil, evolution
CockroachAge: 125 million years old
Size: 2.5 centimeters (1 in) length; matrix: 11.5 centimeters ( 4.5 in) by 11.5 centimeters (4.5 in ) across , and 0.7 centimeters (0.2 in) thick
Location: Araripe Basin, Brazil
Formation: Nova Olinda Member, Crato Formation
Period: Lower Cretaceous

One insect that has remained the same for millions of years is the cockroach. Fossil roaches 320 million years old have been found. The impact of cockroaches on the theory of evolution has been described thus in Focus magazine:

In theory, various elements of pressure such as changing environmental conditions, hostile species and competition between species should lead to natural selection, the selection of species advantaged by mutation, and for these species to undergo greater change over such a long period of time. YET THE FACTS ARE OTHERWISE. Let us consider cockroaches, for example. These reproduce very quickly and have short life spans, yet they have remained the same for approximately 250 million years. (“Evrimin Cikmaz Sokaklari: Yasayan Fosiller” [Cul-de-sac of evolution: Living Fossils], Focus, April 2003)

 

fossil, grasshoppers
GrasshopperAge: 125 million years old
Size: 2 centimeters (0.8 in) length; matrix: 10.5 centimeters (4 in) by 7.5 centimeters (2.9 in) across and 0.5 centimeters (0.2 in) thick
Location: Araripe Basin, Brazil, South America
Formation: Nova Olinda Member, Crato Formation
Period: Lower Cretaceous

Grasshoppers, which belong to the order Orthoptera, appear with the same structure in the fossil record for millions of years. Grasshoppers mostly inhabit tropical regions, but can be seen in different regions around the globe.

All fossil grasshoppers show that the genus haven’t changed for millions of years—in other words, grasshoppers didn’t evolve. One of the proofs of this is the 125-milion-year-old fossil grasshopper pictured.

fossil, grasshoppers
GrasshopperAge: 125 million years old
Size: 3.8 centimeters (1.5 in)
Location: Araripe Basin, Brazil
Formation: Nova Olinda Member, Crato Formation
Period: Lower Cretaceous

This 125-million-year-old fossil is evidence that grasshoppers have always existed as grasshoppers. In the face of this, it is impossible for the evolutionists to make a logical explanation.

grasshoppers, fossil, long, horned
Long-Horned GrasshopperAge: 125 million years old
Size: 1.5 centimeters (0.6 in) . The antennae measure a further 1.8 centimeters (0.7 in), giving this insect a total length of 3.4 centimeters (1.3 in).
Location: Araripe Basin, Brazil
Formation: Nova Olinda Member, Crato Formation
Period: Lower Cretaceous

These grasshoppers’ most distinctive features are their long, thin antenna that are almost twice the length of their bodies. Like all other grasshoppers, long-horned grasshoppers have been the same for millions of years. This photo demonstrates there’s no difference between the grasshoppers of 125 million years ago and ones living today.

Fossil Specimens Discovered in Peru

Published May 23, 2012 by Canan Demirci

Peru map

Peru’s geological and geographical structure reveals different fossils in different regions of the country. The country has three main regions: the coastal region, the central region that includes the Andes Mountains, and the Amazon Basin that includes the Amazon rain forest. Most fossil beds lie in the Andes and areas in the north of the country.

One of Peru’s major fossil beds is the Cajamarca Formation in the north of the country. Limestone comprises the main part of the formation’s rock structure. Another important fossil bed is the Pisco Formation, well known for its fossil fish. This bed has yielded fossils of thousands of different marine creatures, including whales, dolphins, sea lions, penguins and turtles. This formation, approximately 30 kilometers (18.6 miles) from the coast, provides important information about Peru’s geology in very early times.

The most significant fact revealed by Peru’s fossil discoveries is that they too refute evolution. All the fossil research engaged in by evolutionists since the mid-19th century, hoping to find fossils that could support the theory of evolution, have been in vain. Despite all their endeavours, not a single fossil that could be presented as evidence for the theory has ever been unearthed. All the findings obtained from excavations and research has proved that, contrary to the expectations of the theory of evolution, living things emerged suddenly, fully and flawlessly formed. They also show that living things never undergo any changes since the moment they first come into being. This is proof that they are never subjected to any evolutionary process.

The Pisco Formation, fossilThe Pisco Formation in the south of the country is one of the major fossil beds.
The Pisco Formation, Limestone, CajamarcaLimestone in Cajamarca harbors many fossil samples. Like all others, the fossil samples gathered from Pisco reveal that evolution has never taken place.
bivalve, bivalves, fossil
BivalveAge: 23-5 million years old
Size: 7.6 centimeters (3 in)
Location: Casamarca, Peru
Period: MioceneBivalves 23-5 million years old, the same as today’s bivalves, invalidate the theory of evolution. The same for millions of years, they were created, not evolved.
bivalve, fossil
BivalveAge: 208-146 million years old
Size: Approximately 8 centimeters (3.25 in)
Location: Bambamarca, Cajamarca, Peru
Period: JurassicThe bivalve in the picture is 208-146 million years old, showing that the bivalves of years ago are the same as the ones living today. This refutes the theory of evolution.
bivalve, fossil
BivalveAge: 208-146 million years old
Size: Approximately 8 centimeters (3.25 in)
Location: Bambamarca, Cajamarca, Peru
Period: JurassicThe fossil record is replete with organisms that have remained unchanged for hundreds of millions of years. Another example of these is the 208-146-million-year-old fossil bivalve pictured. Like all other fossil findings, this one also refutes evolution.

Present-day bivalve (left)

Fossil Specimens Discovered in Argentina

Argentina map

Most fossils discovered in Argentina come from the region of Patagonia, the name given to the southern parts of Chile and Argentina on the South American continent. To the east of the Andes is the region of Patagonia that forms part of Argentina. Today, very different life forms such as penguins, whales, seals, wild ostriches and sea lions, can be found in this region, which is also rich in terms of the fossil record.

One fossil bed in the region is the Ischigualasto Formation. Geological research has revealed that some 230 million years ago, the region was a flood basin that received abundant seasonal rain and possessed active volcanoes. This fossil bed possesses specimens of a large number of mammals and marine life forms belonging to the Triassic Period (248 to 206 million years ago). The importance of the region was finally realized in the 1950s, after which a great many excavations were carried out.

One fossil field in Argentina is the Jaramillo forest in Santa Cruz, consisting of petrified trees 350 million years old. It is also an important example showing that many plant species have remained unchanged for hundreds of millions of years, having never undergone evolution.

Ischigualasto, fossil bedIschigualasto is a rich fossil bed today, but approximately 230 million years ago, it was a lowlying basin that flooded regularly…
Jaramillo’s fossil forest of petrified trees (small pictures)

Fossil Specimens Discovered in Chile

Chile, map

Fossils are encountered in many regions outside the Atacama Desert in the north of the country. One of the wealthiest regions in terms of fossil specimens is Patagonia, in the south of the country. There are also fossil beds in the Andes Mountains.

Fossils belonging to many different species of mammal, marine creatures, reptile and plant are obtained from Chile’s fossil fields. One of the best-known fossil fields is the Quiriquina Formation, most of whose fossils belong to the Cretaceous Period. Thanks to them, important information has been obtained concerning marine life in the Cretaceous Period. Some fossil beds in central Chile, particularly in the Andes, are well known for their wealth of fossil mammals.

All the fossils obtained from these regions once again place Darwinists in a terrible predicament, because they reveal that living things underwent no change throughout geological periods. To put it another way, whatever form a species had when it first appears in the fossil record, it maintained over tens or even hundreds of millions of years, until either becoming extinct or else surviving down to the present day. This is clear proof that living things never underwent evolution.

As the fossil findings show, species on Earth appeared suddenly, not gradually by way of evolution. Sudden appearance implies creation. God created all living things in a flawless manner, from nothing. The fossil findings once again reveal this truth.

Andes region, fossil bedFossils of various mammals were uncovered from the Andes region.
Araucaria, fossil
Araucaria Cone SliceAge: 165 million years old
Size: 5.6 centimeters (2.2 in) by 7 centimeters ( 2.7 in)
Location: Jaramillo, Santa Cruz, Patagonia, Argentina
Period: Jurassic, CallovianThis slice of a 165-million-year-old fossil Araucaria cone was obtained from the petrified forest in Jaramillo. Displaying the cone with its all details, this fossil is one of the examples that this species never evolved. The features of today’s cones were the same as those of cones of 165 million years ago.
fossil, crab
CrabAge: 23-5 million years old
Location: Rio de la Plata, Patagonia, Argentina
Period: MioceneOne of the organisms frequently encountered in the fossil record is the crab. One of the proofs that there’s no difference between the crabs of millions of years ago and ones alive today is the 23-5-million-year-old crab pictured. This crab is the same as the ones living today.
Araucaria, fossil, cone
Araucaria ConeAge: 208-146 million years old
Size: Each half is 7.6 centimeters (3 in)
Location: Cerro Cuadrado, Patagonia, Argentina
Formation: Petrified Forest
Period: JurassicThis fossil Araucaria cone, 208-146 million years old and identical to the ones of today, is evidence that the theory of evolution is hollow, and a major deceit. The complete fossil record puts forth that creation of God is a clear fact.
cormorant skull, fossil
Cormorant SkullAge: 18 million years old
Size: 12.7 centimeters (5 in)
Location: Chile
Period: MioceneThe cormorant skull pictured, 18 million years old, is evidence that cormorants from prehistoric times were the same as ones living today. This lack of any difference shows that the birds didn’t change over millions of years—in other words, they didn’t evolve.
cormorants, fossil
Cormorant SkullAge: 18 million years old
Size: 15.2 centimeters (6 in)
Location: Chile
Period: MioceneThe cormorant is a seabird in the family Phalacrocoracidae and known to have 38 different species currently living.

Fossil records show that cormorants of millions of years ago had the same features of cormorants living today. Proving that the birds didn’t evolve, this once again dooms the evolutionists to defeat.

crabs, crab, fossil
CrabAge: 25 million years old
Size: 15 centimeters (6 in)
Location: Concepción, Southern Chile
Period: OligoceneFossil record refutes the evolution in any aspect. One of the fossil examples refuting the theory of evolution is the 25-million-year-old fossil crab pictured. Remained unchanged for millions of years, this crab confirms once again that the species didn’t evolve, since this fossil is no different from crabs still living today.

Fossil Specimens Discovered in Europe

Published May 23, 2012 by Canan Demirci

Fossil Specimens Discovered in

Germany

Germany map

Geological research has shown that throughout the Jurassic Period (206 to 144 million years ago) much of Western Europe was covered by warm, shallow seas. A large number of fossils belonging to marine creatures have been obtained from these regions.

In particular, some fossil beds in Germany have enabled us to obtain very detailed information about life forms during the Devonian and Jurassic periods. The most important of these fossil fields are the Messel, Solnhofen and Holzmaden formations and the Hunsrückschiefer fauna.

The Hunsrückschiefer fauna contains a large number of fossils from a wide range of species from the Paleozoic Period (543 to 251 million years ago). Most fossils obtained from the region belong to the Lower and Middle Devonian periods. One significant characteristic of the Hunsrückschiefer fauna is that, just as in Burgess Shale, some life forms have been fossilized together with their soft tissues, enabling us to acquire information not just about the physical structures of life forms that existed hundreds of millions of years ago, but also about their life styles and behavior.

Solnhofen, Messela) Solnhofen, one of the major fossil areas in Germany is a place where vast numbers of fossils are unearthed.
b) Fossil researches made in Messel

These remains show that living things have possessed complex systems in every period in which they have existed, and have enjoyed highly developed anatomies. Confronted by this state of affairs, Darwinists—who maintain that living things evolved gradually from the supposedly primitive to the more complex—are put in a hopeless position, because without exception, all the fossil records refute the theory of evolution, while once again verifying the fact of creation.

Fossils obtained from the Holzmaden Formation generally belong to creatures that lived in deep waters. The majority of these were fossilized perfectly, together with all their organs and skeletal structures. Rarely encountered soft-tissue fossils have also been obtained from Holzmaden. The Solnhofen fossils generally belong to life forms that lived in shallow gulfs and coral and sponge reefs. Fossils of terrestrial life forms such as insects, plants, lizards, crocodiles and birds have also been unearthed from Solnhofen, among them seven different fossils of Archaeopteryx, one of the oldest species of bird.

Hunsrückschiefer, Schieferhalde, Stuttgart, fossilResearches in Hunsrückschiefer and Schieferhalde (small pictures)
The Holzmaden fossil area, close to Stuttgart is a major fossil area where species from the early Jurassic Period are found.

Another major fossil bed in Germany is the Messel Formation. In very early times, a lake some 700 meters (2296 feet) wide and approximately 1000 meters (3280 feet) deep, this contains a large number of fossils dating back to the Eocene Period (54 to 37 million years ago). Messel is known to have had a tropical climate during that period, and contains fossils of many different life forms, such as plants, birds, bats, reptiles, fish, tortoises and insects.

shrimp, fossil
ShrimpAge: 145 million years old
Location: Eichstâtt, Bayern, Germany
Size: matrix: 10.5 centimeters(4.1 in) by 15.2 centimeters (5.9 in)
Period: Jurassic, Malm Zeta

The shrimp is an arthropod belonging to the sub-phylum Crustacea. Its body is covered in armor composed largely of calcium carbonate. Various species of shrimp live in both salt and fresh water. The earliest known shrimp fossil dates back some 200 million years.

The fossil shrimp pictured is around 145 million years old. Shrimps, which have maintained their structure for millions of years with no change, are proof that living things never underwent evolution.

brittlestar, fossil
BrittlestarAge: 390 million years old
Location: Hunsrückschiefer, Bundenbach, Germany
Period: Devonian

There is no differences between brittlestar  of 390 million years ago and those living in the seas today. Despite the intervening millions of years, starfish have remained unchanged and never evolved in any period in the past.

Bowfin, fish, fossil
BowfinAge: 50 million years old
Location: Olschiefer, Messel, Darmstadt, Hessen, Germany
Period: Eocene, Lutetian

Bowfins belong to the the Amiidae family. As with many other fish species, they possess a rich fossil history. One of the earliest known fossil specimens is around 150 million years old.

All the fossils obtained show that bowfins have been exactly the same for millions of years, and have never evolved in any way. There is no difference between the 50-million-year-old bowfin pictured and those alive today.

Crayfish, fossil
CrayfishAge: 150 million years
Location: Solnhofen Formation, Germany
Period: Jurassic

Crayfish that existed 150 million years ago were no different from those living today. This sameness is one most significant piece of evidence that there has been no evolution. Crayfish always existed as crayfish. Like all living things, they were created by God.

fossil, shrimp
ShrimpAge: 155 million years old
Size: 7.5 centimeters (2.9 in) long; matrix: 20.8 centimeters (8.1 in) by 21.6 centimeters (8.5 in)
Location: Solnhofen, Eichstatt, Germany
Period: Jurassic

After decades of research, Darwinists have been unable to find a single fossil showing that evolution took place, though millions of fossil specimens show that it never did so. Every fossil obtained shows that there has been no change in living things’ structures over the course of their existence, and that despite the passage of hundreds of millions of years, they remain exactly the same.

The fossil pictured is proof that there is no difference between shrimp living today and those alive 155 million years ago.

evolution, fossil, Garfish
GarfishAge: 54 to 37 million years old
Size: 31.75 centimeters (12.5 in)
Location: Frankfurt, Germany
Formation: Messel Shales
Period: Eocene

Garfish, which first appeared in the fossil record around 180 million years ago, are examples of living fossils. The fossil garfish shown in the picture is 54-37 million years old. Garfish, which have been the same for tens of millions of years, refute evolution.

bats, bat, Fossil
BatAge: 54 to 37 million years old
Size: 8.2 centimeters (3.2 in) tall by 4.5 centimeters (1.8 in) wide
Location: Frankfurt, Germany
Formation: Messel Shales
Period: Eocene

Fossil bats millions of years old refute the claim that living things underwent evolution. Fossils like this reveal that God created living things.

fossil, brittlestars, brittlestar
BrittlestarAge: 150 million years
Location: Solnhofen Formation, Germany
Period: Jurassic

The fossil in the picture is 150 million years old and is evidence that brittlestars never evolved. In the face of this fossil, which is identical to specimens living today, evolutionists are unable to provide any rational and scientific explanation.

coelacanth, fossil, Evolution
CoelacanthAge: 145 million years old
Location: Eichstatt, Bayern, Germany
Period: Jurassic, Malm Zeta.

Evolutionists long portrayed the coelacanth as an extinct intermediate form—a half-fish, half-reptile. But the fact that some 200 living specimens have been caught to date reveals that the claims made about this creature are nothing more than a deception. The coelacanth is no intermediate form, but a fish with complete and flawless system that lives in deep waters. Coelacanths, whose earliest known examples go back some 410 million years, have survived unchanged for nearly half a billion years.

The fossil coelacanth pictured shows that evolutionists’ claims regarding the “transition from water to dry land” are fraudulent, and is 145 million years old.

crayfish, fossil, eye
CrayfishAge: 208 to 146 million years old
Size: matrix: 12.9 centimeters (5.1 in) by 16.2 centimeters (6.4 in); decapod: 5.5 centimeters (2.2 in)
Location: Solnhofen, Germany
Period: Jurassic, Malm Zeta

The crayfish has eyes consisting of regular, square surfaces. These regular squares are in fact the front surfaces of square prisms. The inner surface of each of these prisms in the crayfish eye has a mirrored surface that reflects light strongly. The light reflected from this surface is precisely focussed onto the retina located further back. All these prisms have been installed at such an angle that they reflect the light perfectly onto a single point.

This sophisticated system has been functioning impeccably in all crayfish for hundreds of millions of years. Today’s crayfish use exactly the same system to see as those living 200 million years ago. This effectively refutes Darwinists, who claim that living things developed gradually.

brittlestar, brittlestars, fossil
BrittlestarAge: 150 million years old
Size: 5 centimeters (2 in) across; matrix: 95 millimeters (3.7 in) by 75 millimeters (2.9 in) across at its widest point, and 20 millimeters (0.7 in) thick
Location: Solnhofen, Southern Germany
Period: Upper Jurassic

The brittlestar is a living fossil that definitively refutes evolution. Brittlestars that lived 300 million years ago are exactly the same as specimens 245 million years old and 150 million years old—and as specimens alive today. Brittlestars that have remained unchanged for hundreds of millions of years, tell us that evolution is a lie.

Gastropods, Gastropod, fossil
GastropodAge: 410 to 360 million years old
Size: plate 9.3 centimeters (3.7 in) by 13.2 centimeters (5.2 in)
Location: Hunsruck Slate, Bundenbach, Germany
Period: Devonian

Gastropods are part of the phylum Mollusca. The oldest known specimens come from the late Cambrian Period. The specimen pictured is between 410 and 360 million years old. Gastropods that are millions of years old definitively refute evolution.

Gastropods, Gastropod, fossil
GastropodAge: 410 to 360 million years old
Size: plate; 7 centimeters (2.75 in) by 9 centimeters (3.5 in)
Location: Hunsruck Slate, Bundenbach, Germany
Period: Devonian

Gastropods that lived 410-360 million years ago are identical to today’s specimens. These creatures that have remained unchanged despite the intervening millions of years are important evidence that living things never underwent any evolutionary process.

Shrimp, fossil
ShrimpAge: 208 to 146 million years old
Size: 19.5 centimeters (7.7 in) from tip to tail
Location: Solnhofen Limestone, Eichsatt, West Germany
Period: Jurassic

Shrimp, having survived unchanged for millions of years, show us that they did not evolve but were created. If a living thing has the same features now as it did millions of years ago, then this creature cannot have developed by way of evolution. The fossil record is proof that evolutionists’ claims are untrue.

Fossil Specimens Discovered in Spain

Spain map

Much of Spain consists of mountainous and hilly regions, such as the Pyrenees and the Sierra Nevada. Twenty-four percent of the country is above 1000 meters (3280 feet) . The mountainous areas contain some important fossil beds.

The rocky structure is divided into two. The north and west of the Iberian Peninsula is mainly made up of crystalline rocks such as granite and schist. The other part is made up of sedimentary rocks with high levels of limestone.

Among the fossils obtained from Spain are brachiopods and various marine creatures from the Devonian Period (417 to 354 million years ago), a wide variety of plant and animal species from the Carboniferous Period (354 to 290 million years ago) and many fossils of mammal, reptile, marine, bird and plant species from the Cenozoic Period (65 million years to the present day).

All these fossils place Darwinism in a major predicament. These discoveries offer no evidence in support of the claim of gradual evolution, but reveal millions of specimens that show that living things were created immediately and underwent no change during long geological periods. The significance of this is obvious: Living things did not evolve. Almighty God created them all.

The Ordesa CanyonThe Ordesa Canyon, made up of limestone rocks extending down about 600 meters (1968 feet).
Bardenas Reales, Spain (small picture)

Fossil Specimens Discovered in the Czech Republic

Czech Republic map

Much of the geographical structure of the Czech Republic consists of a mountainous area in the region of Bohemia. This area, some 900 meters (2953 feet) above sea level, is rich in fossils.

In addition to fossil micro-organisms dating back to the Proterozoic Period (2.5 billion to 545 million years ago), many fossil from the Cambrian (543 to 490 million years) and Devonian periods (417 to 354 million years ago) have also been discovered. Among the most striking of these are 1,300 different trilobite species. These are known as Barrende trilobites because some 300 of them were named by the French paleontologist Joachim Barrende. One of the areas in which Barrende trilobites are most frequently encountered is the Jince Formation. Fossil specimens of many marine creatures from the Paleozoic Period (543 to 251million years ago) have also been unearthed from Jince, which is known to have had a cold climate during the Cambrian Period.

The rich fossil sources in the Czech Republic are important to our understanding of natural history, since these findings show that no evolutionary process of the kind claimed by Darwinists ever took place. Living things did not descend from a supposed common ancestor, as Darwinists maintain, and every species appears suddenly in the fossil record, with its own unique characteristics. This fact, important evidence of creation, has dealt a severe blow to Darwinism.

Bohemia, fossilFossils millions of years old are gathered from Bohemia, famous for its rich fossil beds. Each one of these fossil specimens reveals that these living beings did not evolve, but were created by God.
Ferns, fossil
FernAge: 360 to 286 million years old
Size: 13 centimeters (5.1 in) by 10 centimeters (3.9 in)
Location: Canales, Leon, Spain
Period: Carboniferous

Ferns that lived 360 to 286 million years ago are identical to specimens of today. These plants have remained the same for hundreds of millions of years, revealing the indisputable fact of God’s creation.

frogs, frog, fossil
FrogAge: 12 million years old
Size: 11.5 centimeters (4.5 in) by 18 centimeters (7 in)
Location: Northwest Bohemia, Czech Republic
Period: Miocene

One of the proofs that frogs have always been frogs is the 12-million-year-old fossil pictured. There is no difference between the frogs of 12 million years ago and those alive today.

Fossil Specimens Discovered in Italy

Italy map

marble deposit in the Italian Alps

Marble deposits are generally found under oceans or floors of mountain ranges once populated with coral reefs. Pictured is a marble deposit in the Italian Alps.

Much of Italy’s rock structure consists of what was once the floor of the Tethys Sea, known to have covered certain parts of early Europe. Geological research has shown that the Tethys Sea emerged with the splitting up of Pangaea, the sole continent on Earth around 165 million years ago. The Tethys Sea, which covered a very large area, had tropical characteristics since it was very close to the Equator. The Mediterranean Sea emerged some 65 million years ago from within the Tethys Sea. As land areas rose, it was gradually pushed northwards as a result of tectonic movements over geological periods lasting millions of years.

The Italian rock beds, once the floor of the Tethys Sea, contain a large number of marine fossils, showing that all the known species of marine life forms emerged suddenly with their complex structures—in other words, they were created out of nothing. There are no fossils to indicate that these life forms derived from any supposed common ancestor or are descended from one another. Darwinism has been defeated in the face of the fossil record, a defeat that has been brought out into the light by hundreds of millions of fossil specimens.

Monte Bolcaa) A fish fossil found in Italy’s Monte Bolca fossil area. b) Fossil researches made in Monte Bolca. c) The Butterloch Canyon in Italy has a rock structure dating back to the Permian Period (290 to 248 million years ago).
Razorfish, fossil
RazorfishAge: 6 million years old
Location: Fiume, Marecchia, Italy
Period: Upper Miocene

Razorfish’s (family: Centriscidae) bodies are encased in shields and have spiny dorsal fins. The razorfish pictured is 6 million years old and possesses exactly the same characteristics as razorfish living today. This shows that razorfish have remained unchanged for millions of years and have never gone through any intermediate stages.

theory of evolution, fossil, seahorses, seahorse
SeahorseAge: 26 million years old
Size: 5 centimeters (2 in)
Location: Italy
Period: Miocene

With structures that have remained unchanged for millions of years, seahorses, which belong to the family Syngnathidae, are one of the many species that challenge the theory of evolution. The fossil seahorse pictured is 26 million years old, and identical to seahorses living today.

fossil, fish, yellowtails, yellowtail
YellowtailAge: 48 million years old
Size: 19.6 centimeters (7.7 in)
Location: Monte Bolca, Verona, Italy
Period: Eocene

One of the fossil fish species discovered in Italy is the yellowtail. The fossil pictured is 48 million years old. That yellowtails of 48 million years ago were the same as those living today shows that the theory of evolution is untrue.

theory of evolution, dragonfly, larvae, fossil
Dragonfly LarvaAge: 10 million years old
Size: 42 millimeters (1.6 in) by 35 millimeters (1.3 in)
Location: Vittoria d’Alba, Cuneo, Italy
Period: Upper Miocene

Like their fossilized adults, the fossils of dragonfly larvae show that evolution never happened. There is no difference between the 10-million-year-old dragonfly larva pictured and today’s larvae. This reveals that the theory of evolution is a myth.

fossil, pipefish
PipefishAge: 23 to 5 million years old
Size: 25 centimeters (10 in)
Location: Marecchia River, Paggio Berni, Italy
Period: Miocene, Messinian Stage

Pipefish, members of the same suborder as the seahorse, have a long, thin body structure—and also one of the living fossils that invalidate evolution. The fossil pipefish pictured is 23 to 5 million years old and identical to present-day specimens.

Fossil Specimens Discovered in Great Britain

Britain map

The oldest known fossil specimens discovered in Britain date back to the Silurian and Devonian periods (443 to 417 million and 417 to 354 million years ago). Fossils of different species can be found in Britain, whose geological history goes back further than 600 million years, since in the past, it has experienced both a tropical climate and an ice age, changes in sea levels, volcanic eruptions and erosion. The great majority of the fields from which large numbers of fossils have been obtained lie in the south of the country. One such region is Dorset, which possesses various fossil fields.

The rock structure in the region exhibits differing characteristics. But Dorset is particularly famous for its coastal strip, known as the “Jurassic Coast” and consisting of rocks from the Jurassic Period and a number of different fossil fields. Well preserved and fully detailed fossils belonging to hundreds of species have been obtained from these fields. Every one of the fossils reveals that living things have remained unchanged over millions of years, and never underwent evolution.

Another region of Britain with important fossil fields is Lancashire. The oldest of the region’s fields date back to the Carboniferous Period (354 to 290 million years ago). Some 340 million years ago, the region was the floor of a warm and not particularly deep sea. For that reason, a large number of marine fossils from the period have been discovered.

The fossils of many species discovered in Britain again emphasize that living things are not descended from an alleged common forebear; and that the theory of evolution, which maintains that they developed gradually, is invalid. Like all other fossils, these fossils reveal that living things did not undergo evolution, but were created.

Britain crock heyThe quarry in Crock Hey is a famous fossil area in England. All the fossils uncovered in this region reveal that evolution never took place.
Dorset, Ammonite fossilsResearches made on Ammonite fossils gathered from the Jurassic shore in Dorset. (small picture on the left)
The shore in Dorset is made up of rocks from the Jurassic Period. Many fossils were gathered from these rocks.
horseshoe crabs, horseshoe crab, fossil
Horseshoe CrabAge: 300 million years old
Size: 30 millimeters (1.1 in) by 28 millimeters; nodule: 37 millimeters (1.4 in) by 39 millimeters (1.5 in)
Location: Crock Hey Open Cast Quarry, Wigan, Lancashire, UK
Period: Carboniferous, Pennsylvanian, Westphalian A, Duckmantian

Xiphosura (horseshoe crabs) have existed ever since the Cambrian Period. The specimen pictured is 300 million years old. Horseshoe crabs, having remained the same for 300 million years, demolish evolutionist claims of gradual evolution.

A fossil with its negative

brittlestars, brittlestar, fossil
BrittlestarAge: 180 million years old
Size: 8 centimeters (3.1 in); matrix: 15 centimeters (5.9 in) by 13.5 centimeters (5.3 in)
Location: Eype Dorset, UK
Formation: Pliensbachian – Starfish Bed
Period: Jurassic

This 180-million-year-old fossil reveals that brittlestars have been the same for 200 million years. These animals, no different to those living today, once again reveal the invalidity of evolution.

nautilus, fossil
NautilusAge: 167 million years old
Size: 22 millimeters (0.8 in)
Location: Freshwater, Dorset, UK
Period: Jurassic, Inferior Oolite

The nautilus is one of the many life forms that has undergone no change since it was first created. The 167-million-year-old fossil juvenile pictured is one of the proofs that these creatures have been the same for millions of years.

bivalve, bivalves, fossil
BivalveAge: 200 million years old
Size: 5.5 centimeters (2.2 in)
Location: Conningsby Quarry, Scunthorpe, Humberside, UK
Period: Upper Sinemurian, Jurassic

Today’s twin-shelled bivalves are identical to those that lived 200 million years ago. Like all other living things, bivalves have retained the same features and have remained unchanged ever since the day of their creation.

nautilus, fossil
NautilusAge: 167 million years old
Size: 34 millimeters (1.3 in)
Location: Sherborne, Dorset, UK
Period: Jurassic

Present-day nautili have exactly the same characteristics as those that lived millions of years ago. The fossil record shows that they have not changed down the ages—in other words, they never underwent evolution. One of the specimens showing this fact is the 167-million-year-old fossil nautilus pictured.

fossil, Spiders, Spider
SpiderAge: 300 million years old
Size: 5 centimeters (2 in) in diameter
Location: Crock Hey Open Cast Quarry, Wigan, Lancashire, UK
Formation: Roof Shales above North Wigan 4-foot coal seam
Period: Upper Carboniferous, Westphalian A, Pennsylvanian

Spiders, having remained the same for 300 million years, are another life form that deal a lethal blow to the theory of evolution. Demolishing all evolutionist claims, spiders have had exactly the same characteristics for hundreds of millions of years and have never undergone any changes.

nautilus, evolution, fossil
NautilusAge: 167 million years old
Size: 40 millimeters (1.5 in)
Location: Burton Bradstock Dorset, UK
Period: Jurassic, Inferior Oolite

There is no difference between nautili alive today and those that lived millions of years ago. This lack of any difference is important evidence that evolution never happened.

Capros, fossil
CaprosAge: 35 million years
Location: Poland
Period: Oligocene

The fact that a Capros living 35 millions years ago is identical to specimens alive today is one of the most significant proofs that evolution is a terrible falsehood. Not a single fossil representing evidence for evolution has ever been found during 150 years of paleontological excavations. All the fossils unearthed show that living things never evolved.

Fossil Specimens Discovered in Russia

Russia map

In addition to frozen animals obtained from Siberia, a large number of fossils preserved in amber has also been discovered in Russia. These come from what’s known as Baltic amber, found in a wide area from Berlin in the west to the Ural mountains in the East. The great majority of Baltic amber dates from the Eocene Period (54 to 37 million years ago).

A large part of this amber lies in the Samland region, currently within the borders of Russia, and is found at an average depth of 25 meters (82 feet) to 40 meters (131 feet) beneath the surface. The stratum containing the amber is known as “blue earth.” Each 1000 kilograms (2204 pounds) of soil contains approximately 1 kilogram (2.2 pound)of amber, and only one part in every few hundred contains an inclusion.

The color of the amber, its formation and certain other physical characteristics vary, according to the period when it was formed and the type of tree it came from. The oldest known amber specimens date from the Carboniferous Period (354 to 290 million years ago). Amber from this period is most frequently found in the U.S. and Great Britain.

Russia, fossil, ambersOne of the areas in Russia richly populated with fossil ambers.

In order for inclusions to appear inside amber, two very important and consecutive processes take place once the living thing has been trapped in the resin. The first is hardening, due to cold or dryness. The second is the decay of the tissues of the creature trapped inside the resin. Fluids released during the course of this decay process assume a special structure by mixing with the resin fluid. The creature’s body is preserved inside a bubbly structure just like a balloon. In order for resin to transform into amber, it must go through a great many chemical and geological stages.

For scientists, inclusions in amber represent a major sphere of activity. Specimens of many living things get trapped at the moment of carrying food back to the nest, in a state of defense, trying to camouflage themselves, attempting to protect their young or releasing chemical substances to neutralize aggressors. And all these specimens represent proof that the characteristics possessed by living things have remained unchanged over millions of yearsin other words, that no such process as evolution ever took place.

Fossil Specimens Discovered in Poland

Poland map

One of the countries in which Baltic amber is found is Poland. Fossils inside the amber obtained from the Baltic region, one of the richest sources of amber, are on average 50 to 45 million years old. One major feature that distinguishes Baltic amber from other ambers is the type of acid it contains. Known as succinic acid, it is found in the resin of a tree species estimated to have lived in the region during the Eocene Period (54 to 37 million years ago).

The vast majority of animals in Baltic amber are arthropods. Fossil specimens of worms, molluscs and various vertebrate organisms are rarely encountered. These preserved fossils show that flies have always been flies, butterflies have always been butterflies and caterpillars have always been caterpillarsin other words, that living things have remained unchanged over the course of history. In that respect, they represent a major dilemma for the theory of evolution. These living things, sometimes fossilized with their prey or their larvae, or sometimes as having emerged from the larval stage, tell us that they have undergone the same life stages for tens of millions of years, and have never undergone any process of evolution.

Baltic ambersBaltic ambers are gathered from quite a wide area. One of the researches made in this area.
Ceratopogonidae, midges, fossil
Biting Midge SwarmAge: 45 million years old
Size: 29 millimeters (1.1 in) by 17 millimeters (0.6 in)
Location: Kaliningrad Region, Russia
Period: Eocene

The fossil record proves that living things are not descended from other species and did not evolve gradually. 45-million-year-old female midges, identical to those living today, reveal this once again.

 Walking sticks,  Walking stick, fossil, evolution
Phasmid Nymph (Walking Stick)Age: 45 million years old
Location: Baltic, Kaliningrad, Russia
Period: Eocene

Masters of camouflage, walking stick insects resemble tree twigs or leaves. It is next to impossible to tell them apart from the branch they are resting on. Walking sticks that lived 45 million years ago and those living today protect themselves from predators using exactly the same tactics and camouflage themselves in the same way. The structures of these insects have not changed for 45 million yearsevidence that evolution never took place.

aphids, amber, worker ant, ants
Worker Ant with Aphid LarvaAge: 45 million years old
Size: 20 milimeters (0.7 in) by 12 millimeters (0.4 in) ; inclusions: 2 millimeters (0.07 in)
Location: Kaliningrad Region, Russia
Period: Eocene

“Ant” is the general name given to some 8,000 species of insects that live social lives, live in colonies, and build their nests under ground. Each species of ant has its own particular characteristics. Inside this amber, a semi-adult leaf aphid has been fossilized alongside the worker ant. Aphids generally live cooperative lives with ants, because some ants feed the aphids.

These 45-million-year-old creatures, identical to today’s ants and aphids, defy the claims made by the theory of evolution.

Aphid larva (on the upper left of teh picture)

crab, spider, fossil, crab spider
Crab SpiderAge: 45 million years old
Size: amber: 17 millimeters (0.6 in) by 8 millimeters (0.03 in) across; spider: 5 millimeters (0.1 in)
Location: Baltic, Kaliningrad, Russia
Period: Eocene

Spiders, of which this specimen resembles a crab, have some 2,000 different species. The crab spider in this amber is 45 million years old and identical to contemporary crab spiders.

theory of evolution, fossil, aphid larva, Aphids
Aphid LarvaAge: 45 million years old
Size: 7 millimeters (0.2 in) in diameter
Location: Baltic, Kaliningrad, Russia
Period: Eocene

Aphids belonging to the family Pemphigidae are wingless. Their primary host plants are trees, and sometimes herbaceous plants. The aphid larva pictured is 45 million years old. Aphids and their larvae have remained the same for all that time, demolishing all the claims of the theory of evolution.

evolution, fossil, midge
MidgeAge: 45 million years old
Size: 14 millimeters (0.5 in) long, 8 millimeters (0.3 in) across
Location: Baltic, Kaliningrad, Russia
Period: Eocene

Darwinistsin a helpless position when it comes to the origin of insects, as they are with regard to so many other subjects cannot offer any scientific explanation when confronted by fossils in amber. These life forms are manifest proofs that evolution never took place.

fly, fossil, evolution
Long-LeggedAge: 45 million years old
Size: 15 millimeters (0.5 in) long, 9 millimeters (0.3 in) across,
Location: Baltic, Kaliningrad, Russia
Period: Eocene

This fly, a member of the order Diptera, has preserved all the same characteristics for millions of years, never undergoing any change. Any species that has remained the same over 45 million years invalidates evolution.

evolution, wasp, fossil, Baltic amber
WaspAge: 50 million years old
Location: Baltic, Kaliningrad, Russia
Period: Eocene

Pictured is a 50-million-year-old wasp preserved in Baltic amber. Like all other living things, wasps, which have remained the same for 50 million years, show that evolution never happened, and that God created them.

caddisfly, fossil
CaddisflyAge: 50 million years old
Location: Baltic, Kaliningrad, Russia
Period: Eocene

The larvae of the caddisfly are used as fishing bait. Caddisflies have preserved the same structures and characteristics for millions of years, never undergoing any changes. This 50-million-year-old fossil caddis fly is also proof that these living things have never altered.

Stone flies, Stone fly, fossil
Stone FlyAge: 50 million years old
Location: Baltic, Kaliningrad, Russia
Period: Eocene

Stone flies range between 5 and 10 millimeters (0.1 and 0.3 in) in length and have two long antennae; their larvae are used as fishing bait. They too have remained unchanged for millions of years. This 50-million-year-old fossil stone fly pictured is identical to stone flies living today.

cockroach, fossil
CockroachAge: 50 million years old
Location: Baltic, Kaliningrad, Russia
Period: Eocene

The cockroach, the earliest known winged insect, emerges in the fossil record in the Carboniferous Period, a full 350 million years ago. This insect—with its delicate antennae sensitive to the slightest movement, even an air current, its perfect wings, even its ability to withstand nuclear radiation—has remained exactly the same for hundreds of millions of years. This 50-million-year-old cockroach is no different from present-day specimens.

moth, fossil
MothAge: 50 million years old
Location: Baltic, Kaliningrad, Russia
Period: Eocene

The moth is an insect species closely resembling a butterfly. Both butterflies and moths are members of the order Lepidoptera. The 50-million-year-old moth in the picture, no different to present-day specimens, again confirms that living things were never subjected to evolution.

grasshoppers, grasshopper, fossil
GrasshopperAge: 50 million years old
Location: Baltic, Kaliningrad, Russia
Period: Eocene

The fossil record shows that, contrary to what evolutionists suppose, insects have no primitive forerunners. According to fossil discoveries, all insect species appeared suddenly, with all their particular characteristics, and have survived with those same characteristics ever since. One proof of this is this 50-million-year-old fossil grasshopper, which is no different from present-day grasshoppers.

grasshoppers, grasshopper, fossil
GrasshopperAge: 50 million years old
Location: Baltic, Kaliningrad, Russia
Period: Eocene

This grasshoppers, 50 million years old and preserved in amber, is identical to their present-day counterparts. These insects have been the same for millions of years; they did not evolve, but were created.

Caterpillars, Caterpillar, fossil, evolution
CaterpillarAge: 50 million years old
Location: Baltic, Kaliningrad, Russia
Period: Eocene

One proof that caterpillars have always been caterpillars is this 50-million-year-old specimen preserved in amber. Caterpillars, which have maintained all the same features despite the intervening millions of years, show that evolution is a gross deception.

fly, fossil
FlyAge: 50 million years old
Location: Poland
Period: Eocene

There is no difference between flies that lived 50 million years ago and flies living today. The fossil fly in amber pictured is one proof of this fact.

fly, fossil, evolution, creation
FlyAge: 50 million years old
Location: Poland
Period: Eocene

Flies emerge suddenly in the fossil record. One of their major characteristics is their extraordinary maneuvering ability. Human beings cannot raise and lower their arms 10 times a second, yet the average fly is able to beat its wings 500 times a second. In addition, both wings beat simultaneously. The slightest discrepancy between the vibration of the wings would make the fly lose its balance. Yet no such discrepancy ever arises. It is of course impossible to account for the instantaneous appearance of living things with such flawless structures in terms of evolution. This is one of the clear proofs of God’s creation.

butterfly, fossil
ButterflyAge: 50 million years old
Location: Poland
Period: Eocene

This 50-million-year-old butterfly fossil shows that these insects have remained the same despite the intervening tens of millions of years.

leafhopper, evolution, fossil
LeafhopperAge: 45 million years old
Size: 10 millimeters (0.3 in) long, 8 millimeters (0.3 in) across; leafhopper: 4 millimeters (0.16 in)
Location: Baltic, Kaliningrad, Russia
Period: Eocene

Pictured is a 45-million-year-old leafhopper, no different from today’s specimens. This complete similarity is an important indication that evolution is a fictitious process that never actually took place.

moth, fossil
MothAge: 45 million years old
Size: 27 millimeters (1 in) long, 18 millimeters (0.7 in) across
Location: Baltic, Kaliningrad, Russia
Period: Eocene

That today’s moths are identical to ones that lived millions of years ago indicates that living things have never changed for so long as they have existed—and have never undergone evolution. The 45-million-year-old fossil moth pictured once again demonstrates this fact.

theory of evolution, fossil, scuttle fly, fly
Scuttle FlyAge: 45 million years old
Size: Amber: 23 millimeters (0.9 in) long, 13 millimeters (0.5 in) across; inclusion: 1 millimeter (0.01 in)
Location: Baltic, Kaliningrad, Russia
Period: Upper Eocene

This 45-million-year-old fossil fly reveals that the theory of evolution is an imaginary process that never took place. Living things are not descended from a supposed common forebear, as Darwin maintained, and have undergone no intermediate stages.

winged ant, winged ants, fossil
Winged AntAge: 45 million years old
Size: Amber: 13 millimeters (0.5 in) by 8 millimeters (0.3 in)
Location: Baltic Kaliningrad, Russia
Period: Eocene

The 45-million-year-old winged ant pictured is identical to present-day winged ants.

evolution, fly, fossil, dance fly
Dance FlyAge: 45 million years old
Size: amber: 32 millimeters (1.2 in) by 23 millimeters (0.9 in); inclusion: 2 millimeters (0.01 in)
Location: Baltic, Kaliningrad, Russia
Period: Eocene

One example of how living things have maintained the same characteristics for as long as they have existed and have never undergone evolution is this 45-million-year-old fossil fly, identical to today’s dance flies.

Fossil Specimens Discovered in Africa and the Middle East

Published May 23, 2012 by Canan Demirci

Fossil Specimens Discovered in

Morocco

Morocco map

A large number of fossils from different periods have been discovered in Morocco, well known for its 400-million-year old trilobite fossils. Excavations in the Atlas Mountains and various other areas have revealed Morocco’s rich fossil beds.

Most frequently encountered in Morocco are echinoid fossils. Echinoid, the general name for sea urchins, is actually the name given to a broad range of invertebrate marine organisms. There are more than 800 species of these creatures, which generally live on the sea bed, and specimens dating back 450 million years can be found. Echinoids have been in existence for nearly half a billion years, with all their complex structures and flawless mechanisms, which in fact deals another severe blow to the theory of evolution. These creatures, with all their structures fully developed, lived at a time when evolutionists claim that life was supposedly very primitive. And many of them are still alive today, with those exact same structures. They have remained unchanged for hundreds of millions of years and never undergone evolution.

The Atlas Mountains, fossil bedsThe Atlas Mountains, extending about 2400 kilometers (1500 miles) have rich fossil beds. The highest peak is Jbel Toubkal, with an elevation of 4167 meters (13665 feet). The Atlas Mountains were formed millions of years ago when the continents of America and Africa collided. It is assumed that the Appalachians in North America was the result of a similar geological movement.
Hefalla, fossil, needlefish, starfishA 490- to 443-million-year-old starfish fossil found in Hefalla (left-upper)
A 146-65-million-year-old fossil needlefish, which is no different from the needlefish of our own day. (lower left)
fossil, sea urchins
Sea UrchinAge: 146 to 65 million years old
Size: 5.4 centimeters (2.2 in)
Location: Morocco
Formation: Echinoid Beds
Period: Cretaceous

There is no difference between present-day sea urchins and those that lived hundreds of millions of years ago. The fossil sea urchins illustrated here lived between 146 and 65 million years ago. They show that living creatures did not evolve, but have had the same characteristics and systems since the moment they were created.

trilobites, trilobite, evolution
TrilobiteAge: 410 to 360 million years old
Size: 5 centimeters (2 in)
Location: Atlas Mountains, Morocco
Period: Devonian

The first examples of trilobites date from about 530 million years ago in the Devonian fossil record. Because of their complex structure and developed systems, they are difficult for Darwinists to explain. Their sudden appearance in the fossil record about half a billion years ago, together with a very complex eye structure, makes it impossible to explain them in terms of evolution. It is clear that trilobites, like all other creatures, were created by God.

A representation of the living creatures from the Cambrian Period (small picture in the middle)

needlefish, fossil
NeedlefishAge: 100 million years old
Size: 203 millimeters (7.9 in); matrix: 113 millimeters (4.4 in) by 185 millimeters (7.2 in)
Location: Ramlia Taouz, Morocco
Period: Cretaceous

This fish, 203 millimeters (7.9 in) long, is an adult, whose details have been well preserved. There is no difference between needlefish that lived millions of years ago and their counterparts living today. Needlefish have survived for millions of years with no change in their structures, showing that the theory of evolution is false.

starfish, fossil
StarfishAge: 420 million years old
Size: 5.7 centimeters (2.3 in)
Location: Ordovician Mecissi, Morocco
Formation: Kataoua Formation
Period: Ordovician

With their thorny exteriors, starfish (phylum: Echinodermata) have survived for hundreds of millions of years. Starfish alive 420 million years ago had the same characteristics as those alive today. This is a fact that evolutionists will never be able to explain, showing that living creatures did not evolve, but were created.

theory of evolution, Cambrian, fossil, trilobite
TrilobiteAge: 400 million years old
Location: Morocco
Period: Devonian

The fossil record does not support the claims of the theory of evolution. On the contrary, when we examine the fossil record in the Earth’s strata, we see that living things emerged suddenly. The deepest stratum at which fossils have been found is the Cambrian, about 530 million years old. One of the fossils found most frequently in this stratum are those of tribolites. In the world of 530 million years ago, trilobites had eyes composed of many lenses—an excellent structure that allowed them to see to hunt and swim toward their prey. This sophisticated structure has dealt a serious blow to the theory of evolution.

sea urchins, sea urchin, fossil
Sea UrchinAge: 146 to 65 million years old
Size: 3.5 centimeters (1.4 in)
Location: Morocco
Formation: Echinoid Beds
Period: Cretaceous

The oldest examples of sea urchins date from the Ordovician Period. They have not changed in about half a billion years, which proves that these creatures did not evolve.

sea urchins, sea urchin, fossil
Sea UrchinAge: 95 to 72 million years old
Size: 2.5 centimeters (1 in)
Location: Midlet, Morocco
Period: Late Cretaceous

Sea urchins living millions of years ago were no different from those alive today. They have undergone no structural changes in at least 72 million years. This shows that the theory of evolution is false.

sea urchins, sea urchin, fossil
Sea UrchinAge: 95 to 72 million years old
Size: 4 centimeters (1.6 in) by 4.5 centimeters (1.8 in)
Location: Taouz, Morocco
Period: Late Cretaceous

There is no difference between sea urchins that lived 95 to 72 million years ago and those alive today. Sea urchins, that have not changed in all these millions of years, are proof that living things did not evolve.

Sand dollars, Sand dollar, fossil
Sand DollarAge: 100 million years old
Location: Taza Province, Morocco
Formation: Continental Sandstone Deposits
Period: Cretaceous

Sand dollars, sea urchins, starfish, crinoids and sea cucumbers are all species that belong to the phylum Echinodermata. Sand dollars have survived for some half a billion years and have struck a severe blow to the theory of evolution. Their structure has not changed for millions of years, which invalidates the theory of evolution’s claims that they developed stage by stage from other living things.

starfish, fossil
StarfishAge: 500 to 440 million years old
Size: 8.6 centimeters (3.4 in)
Location: Morocco
Formation: Hefalla Sandstone Formation
Period: Ordovician

This starfish fossil is about 500 million years old—a rare specimen whose characteristics have been very well preserved. The starfish’s characteristic five arms have come down to the present time unchanged. There is no difference between starfish that lived half a billion years ago and the starfish of today. Like hundreds of thousands of other fossils, this one also shows that living things did not evolve and have undergone no change for hundreds of millions of years.

fossil, sea urchin
Sea UrchinAge: 95 to 72 million years old
Size: 2.5 centimeters (1 in)
Location: Midlet, Morocco
Period: Late Cretaceous

Sea urchins that lived 95 to 72 million years ago are among the millions of fossils that prove that evolution did not take place. These fossils are exactly like today’s sea urchins, and are a proof that God created living things.

fossil, sea urchin
Sea UrchinAge: 146 to 65 million years old
Size: 3.8 centimeters(1.5 in)
Location: Morocco
Formation: Echinoid Beds
Period: Cretaceous

This fossil of a sea urchin, obtained from the Echinoid stratum in Morocco dating from between 146 and 65 million years ago, is one of the countless proofs of creation. There is no difference between today’s sea urchins and those that lived millions of years ago.

Fossil Specimens Discovered in Lebanon

Lebanon map

Lebanon’s geological structure dates from the Cretaceous and Jurassic periods (146 to 65 million years and 206 to 144 million years ago). Fossils obtained from Lebanon generally belong to these periods. In particular, much of the Lebanese mountains consist of sedimentary rocks that are ideal for the preservation of fossils. Rock strata close to the surface contain large numbers of coral and sponge beds, as well as the fossil skeletons of a range of Jurassic crustaceans. In addition to Cretaceous marine fossils, amber and plant fossils have also been obtained.

Lebanon’s fossil beds are some of the world’s most important sources of fossils. Hajoula, Haqil and An-Nammura are particularly rich. Fossils of more than 250 fish species have been discovered in these beds, of which more than 150 have been described. Vertebrate fossils discovered in Lebanon generally belong to the Cenozoic Era (65 million years ago to the present day).

All these fossils show that living creatures have never changed over the course of millions of years, in other words that they never underwent evolution. The fossil record reveals that living things that existed hundreds of millions of years ago are identical to today’s specimens and totally invalidate the claims made by Darwinists. These scientific findings demonstrate that God, not evolution, created all living things.

Haqil, fossil bedsExcavations made in Haqil, where rich fossil beds exist, once again display that assertions of the theory of evolution are baseless.
Haqil, fossil bedsIn order for the fossil not to be damaged, the rock in which the fossil is encased should be broken carefully. Pictured above are the excavation area in Haqil and the studies made here.
lübnan'da bulunan fosilA 146- to 65-million-year-old shrimp and fish fossil, uncovered in Lebanon
sharks, fossil, shark
SharkAge: 95 million years old
Size: 180 millimeters (7 in); matrix: 205 millimeters (8 in) by 135 millimeters (5.3 in)
Location: Haqil, Lebanon
Period: Middle Cretaceous, Middle Cenomanian

The general details of the fins and cartilaginous skeleton of this fossil of a small shark have been preserved—another proof that living things did not undergo evolution. There is no difference between today’s sharks and those that lived millions of years ago.

eel, fossil
EelAge: 95 million years old
Size: 58 millimeters (2.2 in) (if straightened out); matrix: 56 millimeters (2.2 in) by 65 millimeters (2.5 in )
Location: Haqil, Lebanon
Period: Middle Cretaceous, Middle Cenomanian

There are more than 400 species of eels in the order Anguilliformes. That they have not undergone any change in millions of years once again reveals the invalidity of the theory of evolution.

flying, fish, fossil
Flying FishAge: 95 million years old
Size: 28 millimeters (1.1 in) across pectoral fins, 47 millimeters (1.8 in) in length; matrix: 75 millimeters (2.9 in) by 70 millimeters (2.7 in)
Location: Haqil, Lebanon
Period: Middle Cretaceous, Middle Cenomanian

This flying fish fossil, which is identical to present-day specimens, prove that living things have not undergone a process of evolution. These vertebrates have survived unchanged for millions of years. This demolishes the claim of “stage–by-stage evolution,” which is the basic foundation of Darwinism.

nurse shark, fossil
Nurse SharkAge: 95 million years old
Location: Haqil, Lebanon
Period: Cretaceous

The nurse shark is a species that generally inhabits subtropical waters. Like other species, these sharks have never undergone evolution. The fact that there is not the slightest difference between nurse sharks that lived 95 million years ago and those alive today is one of the most significant proofs of this.

This fossil pair—negative and positive—is 95 million years old.

Arthropoda, shrimp, fossil
ShrimpAge: 127 to 89 million years old
Size: Matrix: 8.1 centimeters (3.2 in) by 10.9 centimeters (4.3 in)
Location: Hajoula, Lebanon
Period: Middle Cretaceous, Cenomanian

This specimen shows a fossilized shrimp and two fossilized fish. The fish’s fins and bone structure have been well preserved. Shrimp belong to the phylum Arthropoda. The oldest known fossil comes from the Jurassic Period (208 to 146 million years ago). These fossils show us that shrimp have not changed in hundreds of millions of years and that they did not pass through any intermediate stages of development. In other words, they did not evolve, but were created.

flying, fish, fossil
Flying FishAge: 100 million years old
Size: 26 millimeters (1 in) across pectoral fins, 120 millimeters (4.7 in) in length; matrix: 180 millimeters (7 in) by 90 millimeters (3.5 in)
Location: Haqil, Lebanon
Period: Middle Cretaceous, Cenomanian

This fossil of a flying fish was found in the Haqil limestone deposits. The fish has been very well preserved, showing all its external characteristics. The fish is 12 centimeters (4.7 in) long, and its fins extend to 26 millimeters (1 in) in length. There is no difference between contemporary flying fish and those that lived millions of years ago. This shows that these creatures did not evolve, but were created.

flying, fish, fossil
Flying FishAge: 95 to 72 million years old
Size: 2.5 centimeters (1 in) by 4.5 centimeters (1.7 in) ; matrix: 6 centimeters (2.4 in) by 8 centimeters (3.2 in)
Location: Hajoula, Byblos, Lebanon
Period: Upper Cretaceous

Another proof that living things did not undergo evolution gradually is the flying fish fossil shown here. This one lived between 95 and 72 million years ago, and there is no difference between it and the flying fish of today. These fish have wing-like pectoral fins and a long tail which allow them to glide above the water’s surface.

eel, fossil
EelAge: 95 to 72 million years old
Size: 10.2 centimeters (4 in)
Location: Haqil, Lebanon
Period: Upper Cretaceous

An eel fossil alongside another fossilized fish. Eels usually live in shallow water and belong to the order Anguilliformes. Some eels live in deep water (4000 meters­[13123 feet]).They may vary in size between 10 centimeters (4 in) and 3 meters (9.8 feet) and may weigh up to 65 kilograms (143.3 pounds). This fossilized eel is no different from eels living today. They have not undergone any changes in 95 to 72 million years, which proves that these creatures did not go through a process of evolution.

eel, fossil
EelAge: 146 to 65 million years old
Size: 8 centimeters (3.2 in) by 15 centimeters (6 in)
Location: Hajoula, Lebanon
Period: Middle Cretaceous, Cenomanian

This eel fossil measures 8 centimeters (3.2 in) by 15 centimeters (6 in). The fossil’s head is very well preserved, and the details on its body can be made out. These eels, which lived millions of years ago, are no different from eels living today. The 146- to 65-million-year-old eel illustrated here is proof of this.

fossil, evolution, Shark
SharkAge: 75 million years old
Location: Byblos, Haqil, Lebanon
Period: Cretaceous, Cenomanian

Shark fossils are often found in the mountains of Lebanon. Sharks belong to the cartilaginous class of fish. The skeletons of cartilagenous fish do not contain calcium, but are composed of cartilage tissue. Their only calcium deposits are in their teeth, and sometimes in their spines. For this reason, fossils of sharks’ teeth are more commonly found than fossils of their skeletons.

The oldest shark fossil so far discovered dates back about 400 million years. As with other living things, this shows that sharks have not changed in hundreds of millions of years. Contrary to what evolutionists claim, sharks did not develop in stages from other species, but came into being all at once with all their structures complete. In other words, they were created.

This fossil pair—negative and positive—is 75 million years old.

Scyllaridae, slipper lobster, fossil, evolution
Slipper LobsterAge: 98 million years old
Location: Lebanon
Period: Cretaceous

The slipper lobster (family: Scyllaridae) is a slow-moving crustacean, about 40-45 cm (15-18 in) long. Slipper lobsters living today have the same characteristics that they had millions of years ago. They have not undergone the slightest change in the intervening millions of years. The 98-million-year-old slipper lobster fossil shown here corroborates this fact.

Madagascar map

Fossil Specimens Discovered in Madagascar

Madagascar, the fourth largest island in the world, lies in the Indian Ocean off the East African coast. This area contains 5% of the world’s plant and animal species, 80% of them unique to Madagascar. The island’s eastern shore contains short, steep cliffs. Tsaratanana in the North is a mountainous region, some of these mountains being volcanic in nature.

Geological research shows that 165 million years ago, Madagascar was part of Africa, but later began breaking away from the continent. Paleontologists carrying out excavations in the region have unearthed large numbers of fossil bird, mammal and marine creatures from the Mesozoic Era (248 to 65 million years ago).

As with all other fossil discoveries, those obtained from Madagascar reveal major contradictions between the theory of evolution and the actual fossil record. Fossils prove that it is impossible to account for the origin of life in terms of the theory of evolution. Species that emerge suddenly in the geologic strata and remain unchanged over the course of hundreds of millions of years demonstrate that living things never underwent evolution, but were created.

MadagascarIn Madagascar, having both rain forests and deserts, many fossils pertaining to the various eras of geologic history are uncovered. These fossils reveal that living beings have remained the same for hundreds of millions of years.
nautilus, Sand dollar, fossilsThis nautilus, 114 million years old, is no different from those living today. (left)
Sand dollar fossils dating back 172 to 168 million years. (right)
Coelacanth, fossil, evolution
CoelacanthAge: 240 million years old
Location: Ambilobe, Madagascar
Period: Lower Triassic

The coelacanth, a 400-million-year-old fish, represents an impasse for the theory of evolution. This fish has not undergone any changes in 400 million years. The fact that it has preserved its earliest physiological structures over this length of time—despite continental shifts, climate changes and changes in environmental conditions—baffles evolutionists.

The coelacanth once again invalidates the theory that living things evolved and that they undergo a constant process of evolution.

The coelacanth fossil seen here is in two sections. In this type of fossil, mirror-image traces of the creature appear on the two split halves of the stone.

The coelacanth is a large fish, about 150 centimeters (5 feet) in length, its body covered with thick scales that resemble armor. It belongs to the boned fish classification Osteichthyes, and the first fossil specimens were discovered in strata belonging to the Devonian Period. Until 1938, many evolutionists imagined that this fish used its two pairs of fins to walk on the sea bottom and that it was an intermediate form between marine and terrestrial animals. To support their claim, evolutionists pointed to the bony structure of the fins evident in the coelacanth fossils they had obtained.

However, a development in 1938 completely disproved the claims regarding intermediate species, when a living coelacanth was caught off the coast of South Africa. This creature had been thought to have become extinct at least 70 million years ago. Research showed that thecoelacanth had undergone no change in 400 million years.

bivalve, fossil, evolution
BivalveAge: 208 to 146 million years old
Location: Majunga Basin, Madagascar
Period: Jurassic

There is no difference between the bivalve shown, which lived between 208 and 146 million years ago, and bivalves alive today. This is proof that they underwent no evolutionary process and that this is not an intermediate form.

Nautilus, fossil, evolution
NautilusAge: 114 million years old
Size: 55 millimeters
Location: Madagascar
Period: Cretaceous, Albian Stage

A 300-million-year-old nautilus, a 150-million-year-old nautilus and a nautilus living today are the same in all respects. The specimen shown here, a 114-million-year-old nautilus fossil, indicates that these creatures have remained the same for hundreds of millions of years.

Nautilus, fossil, evolution
NautilusAge: 113 to 97 million years old
Size: 1.9 centimeters (0.7 in) at the apex of its oval, and 5.3 centimeters (2.1 in) across
Location: Mahajanga, Madagascar
Period: Cretaceous, Albian Stage

Looking at fossils, we see that there is no difference between creatures that lived hundreds of millions of years ago and their living counterparts. One such life form is the nautilus, which has undergone no changes since the moment they first came into existence. The 113- to 97-million-year-old fossil shown here illustrates this.

Clypeasteroida, Sand Dollar, evolution, fossil
Sand DollarAge: 172 to 168 million years old
Location: Madagascar
Period: Jurassic, Bajocian

The fossil sand dollar shown here is between 172 and 168 million years old. There is no difference between it and today’s sand dollars. This fossil shows that these creatures did not evolve, but were created.

Nautilus, fossil, evolution
NautilusAge: 113 to 97 million years old
Size: 6.6 centimeters (2.6 in) at the apex of its oval, by 5 centimeters (2 in) across
Location: Mahajanga, Madagascar
Period: Cretaceous, Albian stage

The fact that a nautilus that lived between 113 and 97 million years ago and a present-day nautilus are identical once more shows that the theory of evolution is a huge deception.

Nautilus, evolution, fossil
NautilusAge: 114 million years old
Size: 55 millimeters (2.1 in)
Location: Madagascar
Period: Cretaceous, Albian Stage

The nautilus has dealt a severe blow to the theory of evolution, having undergone no change in 300 million years. The 114-million-year-old nautilus shown here is completely identical to present-day specimens.

bivalve, evolution, fossil
BivalveAge: 208 to 146 million years old
Location: Majunga Basin, Madagascar
Period: Jurassic

Marine crustaceans have maintained the same characteristics in the fossil record for hundreds of millions of years. One example is the double-shelled bivalve. The one shown here lived between 208 and 146 million years ago; it represents a challenge to the theory of evolution because it is the same as present-day bivalves.

Nautilus, fossil, evolution
NautilusAge: 114 million years old
Size: 70 millimeters (6.7 in)
Location: Madagascar
Period: Cretaceous, Albian Stage

The nautilus is an invertebrate commonly found in the seas today. These creatures reveal the invalidity of Darwinism. There is no difference between a present-day Nautilus and one that lived 114 million years ago.

Nautilus, fossil, evolution
NautilusAge: 114 million years old
Size: 17 centimeters (6.6 in)
Location: Madagascar
Period: Cretaceous, Albian

The nautilus has survived for about 300 million years and has preserved its physiological structure during all that time. The fossil shown here is of a 114-million-year-old nautilus. The fact that the creature has not changed for hundreds of millions of years is living proof that evolution never happened.

Fossil Specimens Discovered in China, Australia and New Zealand

Published May 23, 2012 by Canan Demirci

Fossil Specimens Discovered in

China

China map

Various mountain formations occupy an important place in the geological history of Asia. The Himalayas are some of the world’s youngest mountains, and the large numbers of marine invertebrate fossils discovered on the feet of the Himalayas show that these strata were once covered in water.

The Asian continent’s most important fossil beds lie in China. Those in the West Liaoning, Yunnan and Shandong regions are the richest in China. A large number of fossils of bird species, mammals, amphibians, reptiles, fish, insects and plants have been obtained from these regions. Once again, every fossil proves that living things never underwent any process of evolution and reveals the evident nature of God’s creation.

Special fauna (animals belonging to a particular region or period) have been identified in the Yixian and Jiufotang formations in the Liaoning region. Both Formations contain fossils largely dating from the Cretaceous Period (146 to 65 million years ago).

The Chengjiang Formation in the Yunnan region is exceedingly important in showing the variety of life in the Cambrian Period (543 to 490 million years ago). In this formation are found a large number of fossil species such as seaweeds, anemones, sponges, trilobites, other trilobite-like arthropods, annelids and other varieties of worm—more fossils that deal a lethal blow to the theory of evolution. They show that living things that emerged in the Cambrian possessed various complex features, closely resembled modern-day life forms, and sometimes possessed even more privileged, specialized characteristics. This undermines all the claims made by evolutionists to the effect that present-day life forms evolved from supposedly primitive living things.

Liaoning, fossil areaa: One of the rock layers in Liaoning contains fossils.
b: Following the researches made in the Liaoning fossil area, many samples were uncovered that invalidate the theory of evolution. One of the rock strata is pictured.
c: The fossil excavations made in Beipiao. Some flowered plant fossils found in this region are the oldest.
Yunnan, fossil areasOne of the fossil areas in Yunnan.
fossil, mayfly
MayflyAge: 125 million years old
Size: 20 millimeters (0.8 in); matrix: 118 millimeters (4.6 in) by 68 millimeters (2.7 in)
Location: Chao Yang, Liaoning Province of China
Formation: Yixian Formation
Period: Lower CretaceousThis fossil mayfly pictured is an example of a living fossil. This 125-million-year-old specimen, identical with the modern-day mayflies, invalidates the evolutionists’ claims.
scorpion fly, fossil
Scorpion FlyAge: 125 million years old
Size: Wings, 19 millimeters (0.8 in); matrix: 75 millimeters (3 in) by 95 millimeters (3.7 in)
Location: Chao Yang, Liaoning Province of China
Formation: Yixian Formation
Period: Lower CretaceousThe scorpion fly is a small insect with an average wing length of 50 millimeters (2 in). Due to the organ in its abdomen resembling a scorpion’s stinger, it is nicknamed the “scorpion fly.”

The fossil pictured is 125 million years old. Scorpion flies of 125 million years ago are no different from those alive today. This clearly shows that like all other living creatures, scorpion flies have not evolved.

cranefly, gnat, fossil
CraneflyAge: 128 million years old
Size: 12 millimeters (0.5 in); wings 9 millimeters (0.4 in); matrix: 72 millimeters (2.8 in) by 48 millimeters (1.9 in)
Location: Chao Yang, Liaoning Province of China
Formation: Yixian Formation
Period: Lower CretaceousA cranefly, resembling a giant gnat or mosquito, has a structure very different from true gnats. Its major feature is its quite long legs, generally twice as long as its body.

As all other living creatures, craneflies appear as fossils with structures identical to those of our day. That no difference exists between today’s craneflies and those of millions of years ago proves that living beings never evolved.

larvae, froghopper, fossil
FroghopperAge: 125 million years old
Size: 23 millimeters (0.9 in); matrix: 80 millimeters (3.2 in) by 80 millimeters (3.2 in)
Location: Chao Yang, Liaoning Province of China
Formation: Yixian Formation
Period: Lower CretaceousThe larvae of a froghopper, which is classified in the family Cercopidae, are enveloped in a protective frothy secretion.

There exists no difference between modern froghoppers and those that lived millions of years ago. Despite millions of years that have passed, these insects remain the same, manifesting that living beings have not undergone evolution.

plant, fossil, fly, planthoppers, planthopper
PlanthopperAge: 125 million years old
Size: 17 millimeters (0.7 in); matrix: 60 millimeters (2.4 in) by 46 millimeters (1.8 in)
Location: Chao Yang, Liaoning Province
Formation: Yixian Formation
Period: Lower CretaceousThe adults of these plant-feeding insects are of two different species. One can fly, while the other cannot. The structures of these two species have not changed for millions of years. All the complex structures and systems of today’s insects were also possessed by planthoppers living millions of years ago. During all those millions of years, these features have remained the same, indicating that the evolutionary process claimed by Darwinists never took place.
fossil, fungus gnat
Fungus GnatAge: 128 million years old
Size: 8 millimeters (0.3 in) long with wings of 5 millimeters (0.2 in); matrix: 77 millimeters (3 in) by 50 millimeters (2 in)
Location: Chao Yang, Liaoning Province
Formation: Yixian Formation
Period: Lower CretaceousFungus gnats belonging to the Sciaridae family live especially in damp places, preferring lower parts of plants that are closer to soil.

The fossil fungus gnat pictured is 128 million years old. Fungus gnats that lived millions of years ago are just as those of our day. Fossil records show that fungus gnats have always remained the same, refuting the claim that they evolved from other living beings.

fossil, salamander, China
SalamanderAge: 125 million years old
Size: salamander: 11 centimeters (4.3 in) by 6 centimeters (2.4 in) long; matrix: 29.6 centimeters (11.7 in)
Location: Huludao City, Liaoning Province
Formation: Jiufotang Formation
Period: Lower CretaceousThis fossil salamander uncovered in China is the world’s oldest known salamander. As a result of some sudden volcanic eruption, fossil remains are often very well preserved under a layer of ash, so well that it is even possible to detect some of their soft tissues and the last food they ate.

These fossil salamanders are no different from those alive in our day. Amphibians that remain unchanged for hundreds of millions of years once again demonstrate that evolutionists are wrong.

fossil, sturgeon, evolution
SturgeonAge: 144 to 127 million years old
Size: 48 centimeters (19 in)
Location: Sihetun, Beipiao City, Liaoning Province
Formation: Jiulongsong Member, Chaomidianzi Formation (Jehol Group)So far, no one has found an intermediate link to prove the so-called evolution of living creatures. This is also true for the so-called “evolution” of fish. All different classes of fish appear suddenly in the fossil record, and without any ancestors. There are hundreds of thousands of invertebrate fossils, hundreds of thousands of fish fossils, but not one single intermediate “missing link” fossil. One example showing that fish have always been fish is this 144- to 127-million-year-old fossil sturgeon.
Darwinists, turtle, fossil
TurtleAge: 146 to 65 million years old
Size: Matrix: 17.5 centimeters (7 in) by 21 centimeters (8.3 in)
Location: Lingyuan, Liaoning Province
Formation: Yixian Formation
Period: CretaceousScientific facts reveal that living creatures have not evolved, but Darwinists insist on ignoring this. The 146- to 65-million-year-old turtle fossil pictured, which is identical with the turtles of our day, once again stresses what Darwinists are reluctant to see: Living beings have not changed for millions of years. In other words, they have not evolved.
mayflies, mayfly, Fossils
MayflyAge: 156 to 150 million years old
Size: body: 3.3 centimeters (1.3 in); matrix: 7.6 centimeters (3 in) by 10 centimeters (4 in)
Location: Beipiao, Liaoning Province
Period: Upper JurassicLike all other insects, mayflies exhibit the same characteristics and systems they had at the moment they first appeared. Fossils reveal that mayflies have not gone through any intermediate stages. Mayflies that lived 156 to 150 million years ago are the same as those mayflies living today.

This fossil is also of two parts, showing both its positive structure and its negative cast.

salamanders, fossil
SalamanderAge: 208 to 65 million years old
Size: 4.5 centimeters (1.8 in)
Location: Liaoning Province
Period: Jurassic – CretaceousThe 208-65-million-year-old fossil salamander pictured shows that salamanders have existed without changing for millions of years. This fossil, which is no different from salamanders today, is evidence that the evolutionary process suggested by Darwinists has never existed.

This fossil presents itself as positive and negative.

örümce ve fosili
SpiderAge: 156 to 150 million years old
Size: 1.5 centimeters (0.6 in) (leg to leg ), 0.7 centimeters (0.28 in) (body )
Location: Beipiao, Liaoning Province, China
Period: Upper JurassicThe oldest known fossil spider is of a water spider, 425 million years old. The fossil pictured is 156 to 150 million years old. Such fossils show that spiders have been the same for hundreds of million years. Darwinists have no consistent and scientific answer for these findings.

This spider fossil, 156 to 150 million years old, consists of two halves.

kerevit ve fosili
CrayfishAge: 128 million years old
Size: 1.) 109 millimeters (4.3 in) long; matrix: 158 millimeters (6.2 in) by 165 millimeters (6.5 in),
2.) 109 millimeters (4.3 in) long; matrix: 180 millimeters (7.1 in) by 160 millimeters (6.3 in)
Location: Lingyuan, Liaoning Province
Formation: Yixian Formation
Period: Lower CretaceousCrayfish are freshwater crustaceans resembling lobsters. For millions of years, they have preserved their structure. The fact that crayfish of 128 million years ago and those living today are the same is a situation that Darwinists fail to explain. Fossils reveal the truth that living creatures are created by God.
Yusufçuk ve fosili
DragonflyAge: 156 to 150 million years old
Size: wingspan: 11.4 centimeters (4.5 in); body: 7.6 centimeters (3 in); matrix:16.5 centimeters (6.5 in) by 13.7 centimeters (5.4 in)
Location: Beipiao, Liaoning Province
Period: Upper JurassicLeading helicopter manufacturers analyze the wing structures and flight mechanisms of dragonflies while designing their craft. The dragonfly’s advanced flight mechanism that ensures efficient use of its wing structure also existed 150 million years ago. Dragonfly fossils that are hundreds of millions of years old pose an inexplicable situation for Darwinists and refute Darwinists’ claims.
kurt kafatası ve fosili
Wolf SkullAge: 20 million years old
Size: 25 centimeters (10 in)
Location: Asia
Period: MioceneFossils of mammals also deny evolution. The fossil wolf skull pictured is 20 million years old. Wolves have preserved their structures for 20 million years, proving that the theory of evolution is invalid.
Liaoningoris kuşu ve fosili
LiaoningornisAge: 140 million years
Size: matrix: 16 centimeters ( 6.3 in) by 17 centimeters (6.7 in)
Location: Sihetun Shangyuan, Beipiao City, Liaoning, China
Formation: Yixian Formation
Period: Upper Jurassic, Lower CretaceousVarious fossil birds found in China are among the evidence showing that birds have always been birds and that they did not evolve from any other creature. Darwinists claim that birds evolved from reptiles, but they lack any evidence to prove this claim. All fossil specimens gathered over the past 150 years show that evolutionists’ claims are entirely groundless. The 140-million-year-old fossil bird pictured once again proves this fact.
kaplumbağa ve fosili
Juvenile TurtleAge: 120 million years old
Size: 18 centimeters (7 in)
Location: Sihetun, Shangyuan, Beipiao City, Liaoning Province
Formation: Lower Yixian Formation
Period: Lower Cretaceous

“… the origin of this highly successful order is obscured by the lack of early fossils, although turtles leave more and better fossil remains than do other vertebrates. … Intermediates between turtles and cotylosaurs, … reptiles from which turtles [supposedly] sprang, are entirely lacking.” (Encyclopaedia Britannica Online, “Turtle”)

The turtle fossil (120 million years old) pictured proves that turtles have not evolved from other living beings, have not gone through any intermediate stages, and that they have been the same for millions of years.

mersin balığı ve fosili
SturgeonAge: 156 to 150 million years old
Size: 22 centimeters (8.5 in)
Location: Peipiao, Liaoning Province
Formation: Jiufotang Formation
Period: Upper JurassicSturgeons belong to a class of fish that has 20 different species in Euope, Asia and North America. They spend most of their lives in seas, and in certain seasons gather in rivers.

There exists no difference between sturgeons that lived 156 to 150 million years ago and those alive today. The fossil record reveals that ancestors of fish were fish, ancestors of birds were birds, and ancestors of human beings were entirely human. In other words, all living beings appeared with their distinctive and perfect structures. The Almighty God created them.

bitki böceği ve fosili
PlanthopperAge: 156 to 150 million years old
Location: Beipiao, Liaoning Province
Period: Upper JurassicInsects whose structures have not changed in 150 million years totally refute the so-called evolution of living creatures from primitive to advanced forms. The structures that plant insects displayed 150 million years ago, 120 million years ago, and today are all the same.
timsah ve fosili
CrocodileAge: 100 million years old
Size: 76 centimeters (30 in)
Location: Asia
Period: CretaceousCrocodiles have left many fossils behind. Their bodies emerged all of a sudden in flawless form (crocodile fossils date back 140 million years) and have reached the present day without undergoing any changes. There exists no difference between the 100-million-year-old crocodile pictured and a counterpart living today, which stresses this fact once again.
mersin balığı ve fosili
SturgeonAge: 130 million years old
Size: 11.6 centimeters (4.6 in)
Location: Liaoning Province
Period: CretaceousSturgeons living 130 million years ago have the same features as sturgeons that lived 146 million or 120 million years ago, or those alive today. Despite the passage of millions of years, sturgeons did not undergo any intermediate stages and thus refute evolutionists’ claims.

This sturgeon, 130 million years old, presents itself as positive and negative.

kara balık ve fosili
Black FishAge: 54 to 37 million years old
Size: 10 centimeters (4 in)
Location: Hubei, China
Period: EoceneThis is a fish that still lives along North Atlantic shores. Like all other living things, fish have remained unchanged for millions of years—in other words, they have not evolved. Black fish 54- to -37 million years old are no different from those of our own day.

This pair of fossils is between 54 and 37 million years old.

kaplumbağa ve fosili
TurtleAge: 150 million years old
Location: China
Period: JurassicIf a living being preserves the same structure it had 150 million years ago, then this indicates that Darwinists’ claim that living beings evolved gradually during long periods of time is unscientific. Turtles that remained unchanged over hundreds of millions of years have not evolved, but were created.
sırtlan kafatası ve fosili
Hyena SkullAge: 10 to 5 million years old
Size: 20 centimeters (8 in)
Location: Gansu Province, China
Period: Upper MioceneIncluded in today’s Hyaenidae family, there exist four different types of hyenas. These animals live in clans of approximately 80 hyenas.

The fossil hyena skull pictured is 10 to 5 million years old and shows that for millions of years, hyenas have not changed.

mersin balığı ve fosili
SturgeonAge: 146 to 65 million years old
Size: 20 centimeters (7.7 in); matrix: 23 centimeters (9 in) by 29 centimeters (11.5 in)
Location: Sihetun, Beipiao City, Liaoning Province
Formation: Jiulongsong Member, Chaomidianzi Formation (Jehol Group)
Period: CretaceousFossils show that like all other classes of living creatures, fish also appeared suddenly with all their structures and with their perfect anatomy. An example is this 146- to 65-million-year-old fossil sturgeon which is no different from sturgeons in our own day.
hamam  böceği ve fosili
CockroachAge: 125 million years old
Size: 26 millimeters (1 in); matrix: 85 millimeters (3.3 in) by 77 millimeters (3 in)
Location: Chao Yang, Liaoning Province
Formation: Yixian Formation
Period: Lower CretaceousInsects are arthropods belonging to the Insecta class. The oldest insect fossils date from the Devonian Period (417 to 354 million years ago). However, during the more recent Carboniferous Period (354 to 290 million years ago) various kinds of insects appeared all of a sudden. For instance, cockroaches appear suddenly complete with the structures they still have today. Betty Faber of the American Museum of Natural History says that 350-million-year-old cockroach fossils are identical with those of today. (M. Kusinitz, Science World, 4 February 1983, p. 1.)

The 125-million-year-old fossil in the picture is evidence that cockroaches have not evolved for hundreds of millions years.

mayıs sineği larvası ve fosili
Mayfly LarvaAge: 156 to 150 million years old
Formation: Yixian Formation
Location: Liaoning Province
Period: Late JurassicAs short-lived adults, mayflies live only for a few days, and some even for a few hours. The fossil pictured belongs to a mayfly larva. Today’s mayflies and those that lived 156 to 150 million years ago are no different.
kaplan kafatası ve fosili
Tiger SkullAge: 20 million years old
Size: 29 centimeters (11.5 in)
Location: Asia
Period: MioceneThe tiger is a mammal of the Felidae family. 80 percent of the tiger species live in the Indian Peninsula.

The fossil tiger skull in the picture is 20 million years old and displays the same features as tigers living today. For millions of years, their bone structure has remained the same, refuting the theory of evolution.

gergedan kafatası ve fosili
Rhino SkullAge: 20 million years old
Size: 51 centimeters (20 in)
Location: Asia
Period: MioceneRhinos of the Rhinocerotidae family generally live in Africa and Asia, but have not changed for millions of years. The 20-million-year-old rhino skull pictured shows that rhinos have remained the same for millions of years.
mayıs sineği larvası ve fosili
Mayfly LarvaAge: 156 to 150 million years old
Formation: Yixian Formation
Location: Liaoning Province
Period: Late JurassicMayfly larvae alive today and ones that are 156 to 150 million years old are the same, showing that evolution is a scenario not based on science.

New Zealand map

Fossil Specimens Discovered in New Zealand

The great majority of fossils from New Zealand belong to marine life forms. A large number of exceedingly well-preserved specimens belong to various marine phyla. Fossils from the Cretaceous Period are frequently encountered, together with others—albeit more rarely—from the Cambrian, Ordovician and Permian periods. In addition to animal fossils, various plant fossils from the Jurassic Period, extending unchanged right up to the present day, have also been unearthed.

New Zealand’s fossil variety reveals exactly what all other fossil records reveal. No fossils at all have been discovered that might support the theory of evolution. All the discoveries show that living things came into being suddenly, with all their complex structures. In other words, they were created and remained unchanged for hundreds of millions of years. They never evolved.

New ZealandVarious types of moss living in Rotorua’s thermal springs in New Zealand have remained unchanged almost from the beginning of the Earth’s history.
Pictured is the New Zealand shale worn away by glaciers. Shales are the metamorphic rocks formed in the depths of the Earth during the collusion of continents. (small picture)

Fossil Specimens Discovered in Australia

Australia map

In Australia there are a large number of fossil fields, some of which the United Nations regards as historic preservation sites.

Australia and Antarctica are estimated to have separated from the giant continent of Gondwanaland some 40 to 30 million years ago. The climatic changes that subsequently took place over long periods of time are among the events that led to such large numbers and varieties of fossils in Australia. The many fossils obtained from the island country’s fossil fields are important in our understanding of species diversity. Riversleigh, Bluff Downs, Murgon, Lightning Ridge and Naracoorte are some of the best known of these fossil fields.

A wide range and large number of well-preserved animals of the Cenozoic Era (65 million years to the present), from small frogs to kangaroos, have been obtained from these fields. In addition to these, which provide important information about the history of vertebrates, fossils of marine life forms dating back to the Paleozoic Era (543 to 251 million years ago) have also been discovered.

Australia, geologic structure, Windjana GorgeThe biology of Australia is distinctive. Big reptiles and marsupials are common, whereas its vegetation is characterized with plants with thick and sticky leaves resistant to drought.
Windjana Gorge, with a geologic structure 350 million years old, is located in North Australia. This structure that once remained under an ocean contains many fossils from the Devonian Period. (small picture)
at kuyrugu bitkisi ve fosili
HorsetailAge: 248 to 206 million years
Location: Australia
Period: TriassicThere is not the slightest difference between horsetail that existed some 200 million years ago and those living today. If a living thing has preserved its entire structure for 200 million years, without undergoing the slightest change, then it is impossible to speak of it having evolved. That impossibility applies to all life forms and species. Fossils, which document history of life, refute evolution.
yengec ve fosili
CrabAge: 23 to 5 million years old
Location: New Zealand
Period: MioceneEvidence that crabs have always been crabs and have not evolved is this 23- to 5-million-year-old fossil crab. This specimen and those crabs of our day share the same features, which shows that these living beings were created by God.